馮 華 劉詩瑤
馮 華 劉詩瑤
Deep space of project of goddess in the moon explores new start (of new China " the first " · 70 years)
Visit month project regards a country as the mark sex project with great special science and technology, be comprehensive national power of a state and level of science and technology is important reflect.
Our country plan carries out goddess in the moon in next year 5 projects, sampling of implementation moon face is returned, project of the month that it is explore " circle, fall, time " 3 paces take the satisfactory full point on development strategy picture.
The United States blasted off 1994 " Kelaimenting 1 " , release moon antarctic to have Shui Bing's news, lifted visit month climax the 2nd round. Project of our country goddess in the moon is in the 2nd round namely in visit month climax promoted agenda.
Although our country is in the beauty month of succeed add visit, although human spacecraft 100 arrive for many times visit a moon, the track that has 12 spacefarers even stays in the moon, but should see, the mankind is very finite still to the understanding of the moon. The origin of the moon and evolution process, moon whether hold in store is much the scientific question such as construction of interior of the resource such as Shui Bing, moon still is the mystery that did not solve. Our country carries out visit month, can probe cosmic mystery for the mankind, for world science progress contributes wisdom of Chinese force, China.
The person that kiss all previous says of of of
Luan Enjie: Academician of former director of bureau of spaceflight of commander in chief of the first to be appointed to an office of project of month of our country visit, country, Chinese Academy of Engineering, participate in an organization, manage our country first the moon explores a project, project of establish visit month " circle, fall, time " the technology expands a line, open up deep space explores new field
The moon explores the start that is exploration activity of our country deep space. 1998, I take up the post of director of national spaceflight bureau, below the support of the Party Central Committee, the State Council, guided a group to start the program argumentation of visit month project, 2000 the organization completed white book of spaceflight of ministry of our country head, fulfil visit month earnest wish into the file first.
There is hostage doubt at that time, why should the Chinese expend setbacks to go to the moon? This among them sense is too great. Visit month project can reveal the powerful and prosperous national power of our country already, proof Chinese is capable to develop dimensional science, arrive at farther aerospace, also can demonstrate the ability of spaceflight science and technology of our country, write the own understanding that the Chinese explores to deep space. Besides, without science the method cannot begin scientific research. Spaceflight project can drive a series of technologies to progress, advance relevant and scientific progress, real benefit reachs common people the people's livelihood.
In January 2004, project of month of our country visit is started formally by give an official. That day is monkey year at the beginning of good year 2, I am too excited, wrote a poem, "The earth is cultivated 60 thousand carry, goddess in the moon considers country 5000. Incomplete wall teachings of the deceased is urged think of act vigorously, waste a cycle of sixty years not to have flavor. " glad times feeling pressure, we must do well visit month project, ability not the accredit of disappoint motherland people and expectation. But China had never done deep space to explore, whats are new, want to accomplish no risk at all, how be good?
As commander in chief, a bowstring stretched tight in my heart, namely " make full use of mature technology, sureness makes plan, ground of fine carve of carve of essence of life achieves technical target, do not do the thing of gaudy. " at that time, about goddess in the moon one chooses which carrier rocket, the controversy is differ. Tendency of a lot of people is used grow 3 second rocket, locomotive ability is greater. But I insist to use more mature length 3 armour rocket; When discussion satellite platform, I also insist to use east red 3 mature platform, the reason does not have him, use mature technology render namely, in my heart with respect to know how things stand and feel confident of handling them!
The greatest difficulty that goddess in the moon encounters one number, it is the discovery in the experiment satellitic antenna gain is insufficient, influence data is gotten. To solve this problem, or is improved satellitic antenna, or increases to it corresponding, the ground measures the equipment line of action that dominate, rise receive ability. The course tackles key problem for long, sheet relies on satellitic antenna inextricability difficult problem. Through much square balance, do all one can tackles key problem, the USB that visit month project uses maturity adequately is measured accuse a technology, be united in wedlock with photograph of technology of VLBI radio astronomy first, at the same time ground antenna expand into 18 meters of caliber, pass goddess in the moon so of a task carry out, make our country preliminary the primary capacity that had deep space to explore.
Each big project has the restriction of proper time surely, have specific target requirement and funds tie, break through multinomial and crucial technology even at the same time. Person property must have been arranged, ability assures ground of in an orderly way of task of whole visit month to undertake.
After-thought past, I often am touched at visit month person pay. All staff that share project job succeed to ensure this common cause and struggle, strictly observe of one mind of discipline, fluctuation, team midstream is being passed " gave a problem to be not pushed, at hand job does not procrastinate, check repeatedly not irritated, technical index does not fall " working catchword.
Goddess in the moon a project approving is 2004, blasting off was 2007, although have only 4 years short, but whole project is advanced strictly according to train of thought of spaceflight system project, we are the first year surely " bureau year " , it is the 2nd year " tackle key problem year " , it is the 3rd year " decisive battle year " , it is the 4th year " decide the issue of the battle year " , it is each years day and night, unitive cooperation, do not have these spaceflight people pay, do not have today's achievement.
Cong Change arrives one number goddess in the moon 4, the bank of channel channel bank that we experience is too much, but was overcome by us, realize the innovation that goes up with the technology on a lot of projects. Especially goddess in the moon 4, regard goddess in the moon as 3 backup star, implementation mankind detector first soft landing of moon the reverse side and first the relay of lunar back and earth corresponds, open the new page that the moon explores. See goddess in the moon falls 4 numbers of the month that momently, too excited really.
Visit month project is being finished " circle " with " fall " later, target of the 3rd pace is sampling is returned. At present we had not finished this job, this also is me most care. Believe to progress as the technology, goddess in the moon also can finish the job smoothly 5 numbers certainly. When " circle, fall, time " after the task ends entirely, I think, chinese moon explores the development phase that should enter a normalization. Want to dig better deep space to explore scientific target ceaselessly at the same time, pass long-term to scientific target, successive research, the Chinese can take out Gao Shuiping's gain certainly. The route that I hope Chinese deep space is explored heartily goes further more, go better more, go stronger more! We explore vast universe, the dream that builds spaceflight power can come true at an early date certainly.
Knowledge links of of of
Relevant section planned actively to finish " circle, fall, time " the our country before 2030 reachs after 3 paces go unmanned moon probes an activity, call at present " visit month project 4 period " .
Goddess in the moon is visit month project 4 4 period first the task, still include goddess in the moon 6 date, goddess in the moon 7 date, goddess in the moon 8. Carry the mission 4 times this, in moon antarctic compose builds unmanned moon scientific research the station is main model, the construction that stands for prospective moon scientific research undertakes technical reserve and crucial technology tackle key problem.
Visit month project 4 period executive plan is in project approving phase.
Look around stick of of of of person
The public can explore a net through Chinese visit month and deep space -- Http: / / Www.clep.org.cn/ , perhaps pay close attention to " project of Chinese visit month " date of small letter public, get knowledge of popular science of month of achievement of newest visit month engineering, visit to wait.
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