北外德籍教授:不到中国,就不知道中国的美和

伊人久久高清 · 2019-09-25 09:57
北外德籍教授:不到中国,就不知道中国的美和好

  外籍專傢學者盛贊新中國70年發展成就

  “不到中國,就不知道中國的美和好”(壯麗70年 奮鬥新時代·世界眼中的新中國)

  本報記者 賈平凡

  在新中國70年的發展歷程中,有這樣一群見證者和參與者,他們是從世界各地絡繹不絕走進中國的國際友人。到中國旅行、工作和生活,使他們擁有多重身份:在中國人眼中,他們是親切友好的外國朋友;在親友眼中,他們是瞭不起的“中國通”;在國際社會,他們是離中國最近的觀察者。中國的發展狀況如何?他們很有發言權。

  近日,在接受本報記者采訪時,5位有在中國工作和生活經歷的外籍專傢學者紛紛祝賀中華人民共和國成立70周年,盛贊中國70年發展成就,期待中國未來更有作為。

  今非昔比 中國變化日新月異

  “作為全球經濟增長的重要引擎,中國過去10年為世界經濟發展作出瞭突出貢獻。”阿根廷天主教大學“全球時代中國研究”研究生部主任、阿根廷國際關系委員會中國工作組主席喬治·易·馬勒納對中國當代史瞭然於胸:“新中國成立讓中國站起來;改革開放讓中國富起來;新時代,肩負實現中華民族偉大復興中國夢的偉大使命,中國正在強起來。”

  馬勒納深諳中國歷史,緣於學術研究,更緣於40年間與中國的親密接觸。1979年,14歲的他第一次到中國,幾年的生活學習經歷成為他終生難忘的記憶。“截至去年,我到過中國12次。”這位愛吃糖醋魚和餃子的“中國通”,很喜歡跟人介紹自己的中文名“馬恩豪”。

  瑞士呼吸系統疾病藥物研究專傢、長風藥業股份有限公司首席技術官讓·馬克·博維特,也有一個中文名“博江盟”。1986年,作為一個背包客,博維特遊歷瞭中國多地。“那時中國實行改革開放不久,市場經濟剛剛起步。”他回憶說,“當時有人告訴我,對一個中國傢庭而言,最幸福的三件事是擁有洗衣機、電視機和電冰箱。”

  33年間,洗衣機、電視機和電冰箱,早已是中國百姓傢的尋常之物。博維特表示:“現在,中國的現代化水平與西方國傢不相上下,在電子支付、公共交通、移動社交平臺等領域甚至超越大多數西方國傢。”

  設想離開中國10餘年後歸來,你會看到怎樣的變化?南開大學環境科學與工程學院加拿大籍教授阿卜杜勒·加尼·瑞澤普對此深有感觸。

  1987年,瑞澤普第一次到中國。他記得,那時的北京是個比較安靜的城市,沒有很多汽車,但有很多自行車,人們對外國人充滿好奇。再次到中國已是2000年。在上海,他驚喜地看到一個現代化的繁華大都市,“嶄新閃亮的高大建築鱗次櫛比,車水馬龍的寬闊道路熱鬧喧囂。”

  “中國70年的發展成就太瞭不起瞭!在慶祝中華人民共和國成立70周年這個特殊時刻,中國人都備感自豪,我真誠地向中國人民表示祝賀。”2018年,幾經考察,斯洛文尼亞物理學傢魯道夫·波特卡尼克到中國科學院大學物理學院任教,僅僅一年,他便發現:“在中國,人們對未來充滿樂觀和信心。”

  艱苦奮鬥 中國成績來之不易

  “不到中國,就不知道中國的美和好。”北京外國語大學國際關系學院德國籍教授大衛·巴拓識贊嘆,中國在生態文明建設、反腐敗和社會發展方面都取得瞭巨大進步,減貧成就在人類歷史上更是獨一無二。

  中國成就,入眼入心。外籍專傢學者紛紛贊嘆:亮眼的中國成績單來之不易!

  “中國的成功是在長期艱苦奮鬥和頑強探索中取得的,深層次原因是深厚的文化積淀和偉大的民族精神。”巴拓識表示,中國善於從歷史中汲取經驗教訓,具有極強的學習能力和自我革新能力。

  對此,瑞澤普也深以為然:“中國政府擁有強大、堅定和組織良好的領導力,制定瞭明確的目標和計劃。中國人中不乏敏銳的學習者,他們富有進取心,吃苦耐勞,不會被任何艱難險阻嚇倒。此外,中國不斷向世界擴大開放,願同各國建立友好合作關系。”

  “我能感受到,越來越多的創新來自中國。”博維特說,在學習西方先進技術的基礎上,一些中國制造商的自主創新能力正在飛速提升,這使得中國的企業和產品在國際市場上越來越有競爭力,“這應歸功於中國大學優質的教育。”

  波特卡尼克表示:“中國對科學和教育的重視程度給我留下深刻印象。科學和教育是一個國傢發展的‘二級基礎設施’,中國正在通過設置明晰的教育目標,為國傢創新發展註入持久動力。”

  “在我的專業領域——土木工程領域,中國已成為世界領先者。中國在橋梁和建築領域的設計、施工能力在世界上首屈一指。”瑞澤普認為,這與中國科研人員在工程領域的科研創新密不可分:“他們通過高質量的學術出版物與世界分享研究成果,並積極與世界各地的同行合作研究。這種精神令人敬佩。”

  文明互鑒 中國經驗啟迪世界

  “之前,我隻是從書籍和西方媒體報道中瞭解中國,很不充分。到中國後,眼見為實,我很難用語言描述中國的發展成就帶給我的震撼。”波特卡尼克感慨萬千。

  “對於那些從未到過中國的朋友,他們並不瞭解中國的發展狀況。”為此,博維特當起民間大使,“當與傢人、朋友談論我在中國的經歷時,我盡我所能地介紹中國在經濟、科技領域日新月異的發展速度。”

  在“博維特”們的努力下,中國正在向世界釋放越來越強大的吸引力。

  馬勒納表示,在拉丁美洲,伴隨中拉關系的火熱升溫,關於中國的學術研究在過去20年間飛速發展。拉美的漢學傢正從對中國的研究中尋找啟發。

  “世界可以向中國學習借鑒發展戰略和扶貧經驗。”瑞澤普說,“希望未來更多人到中國訪問和學習。大傢會發現這是一個充滿智慧的國傢。”

  中國經驗“圈粉”世界,中國理念啟迪世界。“中華文明和西方文明有很多共通之處,可以相互借鑒,共同推動人類文明向前發展。”巴拓識認為,人類要在地球上實現可持續發展,必須創新理念,擺脫以自我為中心的單邊主義,在人類命運共同體的框架中思考問題,而中國正是這一創新理念的提出者。中國堅持多邊主義、包容互鑒、合作共贏等理念,這些都是人類未來需要努力的方向。

  “人類面臨多重挑戰,世界需要‘希望’引領航向,走出迷霧。也許中國能用理念和行動為‘希望’一詞註入強大能量。”波特卡尼克說,希望西方世界可以放下傲慢與偏見,填補對中國的認識盲區,正視中國的發展成就,並從中國的發展中汲取有益經驗。

New China of highly praise of scholar of foreign nationality expert develops achievement 70 years

"Be less than China, the beautiful become reconciled that does not know China " (gallant struggle 70 years the new China in look of world of new era · )

Guping of our newspaper reporter altogethers

In the development course that is in new China 70 years, have a flock of person that witness and such participator, they are the international friend that walk into China from in an endless stream of world each district. To Chinese journey, job and life, make they have multiple capacity: In Chinese eye, they are kind and friendly foreign country friends; In eye of relatives and friends, they are marvelous " China is connected " In international society, they are the closest from China observer. Development state of affairs of China how? They have right to speak very much.

Recently, when accepting our newspaper reporter to interview, 5 have the scholar of foreign nationality expert that experiences in Chinese job and life to congratulate People's Republic of China to hold water 70 years in succession, highly praise China develops achievement 70 years, expect Chinese future has more as.

Be not former times to compare Chinese change change with each passing day today

"Regard global economy as the main engine of growth, china made outstanding contribution 10 years for world economy progress in the past. " Argentine Catholic university " global times China studies " tall of chairman of working group of China of commission of impact of head of graduate student department, Argentine international treats · Yi Malena is contemporary to China history be clear at the bosom: "New China holds water let China stand up; Reforming and opening makes China rich rise; New era, bear implementation the Chinese nation is great revive the great mission of Chinese dream, china is in strong rise. China is in strong rise..

History of China of bridle accept deep know well, result from academic research, more result from 40 years an intimate contact with China. 1979, he 14 years old goes to China for the first time, life study experience of a few years becomes his unforgettable all one's life memory. "Up to last year, I had gone to China 12 times. " this love eats fish in sweet and sour sauce and dumpling " China is connected " , the Chinese name that likes to follow person him introduction very much " Ma Enhao " .

Chief technology officer lets Inc. of industry of drug of expert of research of medicaments of disease of Swiss respiratory system, long wind Bovey of · mark · is special, also have name of a Chinese " rich river alliance " . 1986, regard a knapsack as the guest, boweite is itinerary Chinese much ground. "China executes reforming and opening in those days before long, market economy just starts. " his memory says, "Somebody tells me at that time, law court of the state in be opposite, 3 the happiest things are to own washing machine, television and refrigerator. 3 the happiest things are to own washing machine, television and refrigerator..

33 years, washing machine, television and freezer, it is the content of the common of home of Chinese common people already. Boweite expresses: "Now, modern level of China and western country are about the same, pay in the electron, the domain such as public traffic, floating gregarious platform surmounts most west country even. Pay in the electron, the domain such as public traffic, floating gregarious platform surmounts most west country even..

The tentative idea leaves to return after 10 one's remaining years of Chinese, what kind of change can you see? Abodule Jiani Ruize of university environment science and book professor of engineering courtyard Canada leaves south general has feeling greatly to this.

1987, ruizepudi goes to China. He remembers, the Beijing in those days is a quieter town, without a lot of cars, but have a lot of bikes, people is full of curiosity to the foreigner. Going to China again already was 2000. Be in Shanghai, what he sees a modernization surprizingly is flourishing metropolitan, "Brand-new and ablaze tall a lunar month of 30 days builds row upon row of, the wide path of heavy traffic is lively and blatant. The wide path of heavy traffic is lively and blatant..

"Development of 70 years accomplishs China too marvelous! This special hour holds water 70 years in congratulatory People's Republic of China, the Chinese feels proud fully, I express congratulation sincerely to Chinese people. " 2018, after many make an on-the-spot investigation, buddhist nun of card of baud of · of rash path husband overcomes Slovenian physicist institute of physics of university of the Chinese Academy of Sciences teachs, mere a year, he discovers: "Be in China, people is hopeful to was full of with confidence. People is hopeful to was full of with confidence..

Struggle difficultly Chinese achievement hard-earned

"Be less than China, do not know beautiful become reconciled of China. " develop knowledge highly praises David Ba of professor of book of Germany of institute of relation of international of university of Beijing foreign language, china is defeated in zoology civilization construction, anti-corruption and social progress respect obtained tremendous progress, the achievement that decrease deficient is more unique on human history.

Chinese achievement, pleasant to see enters a heart. Scholar of foreign nationality expert gasps in admiration in succession: The Chinese report hard-earned of bright look!

"Chinese success is to be in long-term and difficult struggle and obtain in tenacious exploration, reason of deep administrative levels is deep culture is accumulated with great ethos. " Ba Ta knowledge expresses, china is good at be being taught a lesson from experience of the derive in the history, have extremely strong study capability and ego innovation capacity.

To this, ruizepu thinks greatly also like that: "Chinese government is had head force goodly formidably, sturdily with the organization, made specific target and plan. The learner of acumen theres is no lack of in the Chinese, they are full of enterprise, hard-working, won't be frightened by any hard dangerous and difficult road. In addition, china expands to the world ceaselessly open, wish to establish friendly collaboration relationship with each country. Wish to establish friendly collaboration relationship with each country..

"I can be experienced, more and more innovation come from China. " Boweite says, on the basics that learns western advanced technique, the own innovation ability of manufacturer of a few China is promoting at full speed, this makes Chinese enterprise and product more and more competitive on the international market, "This should be attributed to the education with Chinese high grade university. "This should be attributed to the education with Chinese high grade university..

Baud blocks Nick to express: "The heavy visual range that China teachs to be being mixed scientificly spends me to leave deep impression. Science and education are development of a nation ' 2 class infrastructure ' , china is passing the educational aim with clear setting, for the country innovation develops infuse durable power. For the country innovation develops infuse durable power..

"The professional domain in me -- civil engineering domain, china already became the person that the world precedes. Ability of the Chinese design in bridge and building domain, construction is on the world the first of all. " Ruizepu thinks, the scientific research innovation of this and Chinese researcher in engineering field is inseparable: "They share research fruit through the academic publication of high quality and world, study actively with the collaboration of person of the same trade of world each district. This kind of spirit makes a person admire. This kind of spirit makes a person admire..

Experience of China of ancient bronze mirror of civilized each other edifies the world

"Before, I am China of the understanding in reporting with western media from the book only, very inadequate. After going to China, the eye sees for solid, I describe Chinese development very hard to accomplish the shock that brings me with the language. " baud card Buddhist nun overcomes deep feeling myriad.

"To those friends that never had reached China, they do not know development state of China. " for this, boweite should remove civilian ambassador, "When the experience that discusses me to be in China with family, friend, I use up me can the development of ground introduction China in change with each passing day of field of economy, science and technology speed. I use up me can the development of ground introduction China in change with each passing day of field of economy, science and technology speed..

Be in " Boweite " people below effort, china is releasing more and more powerful appeal to the world.

Bridle accept expresses, in latin america, of the try to establish a relationship with sb in accompanying fervent warm up, about Chinese learning research is in go 20 years a flying development. The Sinology home of Latin America is being searched from inside the research to China inspire.

"The world can draw lessons from development to Chinese study the strategy and the experience that help deficient up. " Ruizepu says, "Person of hope future more is visited to China and learn. Everybody can discover this is a country that is full of wisdom. Everybody can discover this is a country that is full of wisdom..

Chinese experience " circle pink " the world, chinese concept edifies the world. "China civilization and western civilization have the place of a lot of applicable to both or all, can draw lessons from each other, drive human civilization to develop ahead jointly. " Ba Ta knowledge thinks, the mankind should come true on the earth can develop continuously, must innovate concept, cast off the unilateral creed that is a center with ego, the problem thinks in the frame of human destiny community, and the presenter that China is concept of this one innovation. China holds to multilateral creed, include the concept such as win-win of each other ancient bronze mirror, collaboration, these are the way that human future needs hard.

"The mankind faces multiple challenge, the world needs ' hope ' lead course, walk out of dense fog. Perhaps China can is with concept and action ' hope ' one word infuse is powerful energy. " Kanike says baud, hope west world can be put down proud with bias, the fill understanding to China blind area, face up to development achievement of China, and the derive in the development from China is beneficial experience.

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