(Gallant 70 years · struggles new era -- years of new China extraordinary)
Report inscribed Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on September 14: Socialism is transformed finish
On January 15, 1956, 20 much people are in Beijing all circles Tiananmen Square holds congratulatory socialism to transform triumphal gam congress. Mao Zedong and other comrade of the leader central attended plenary meeting. Beijing mayor Peng Zhen announces on the meeting: Our capital had entered socialistic society. On Chinese earth everywhere decorate with lanterns and streamers, day of noisy of gong and drum, the victory that congratulatory socialism transforms is finished.
Taking socialistic way is the choice of Chinese people history. 1953, the Central Committee of Communist Party of China offerred interim general line formally. Below the guidance of general line, socialism is transformed begin to undertake. Agriculture experienced coadjutant group, primary agriculture to produce cooperation, advanced agriculture to produce cooperation commonly a few phase; Handicraft industry experienced cooperation of supply and marketing of manufacturing cooperation group, handicraft industry, handicraft industry to produce cooperation commonly a few phase; To capitalist industry and commerce, passed roughly from form of elementary state capitalism (all is bought have exclusive selling rights, orders placed by the state with private enterprises for processing materials or supplying manufactured goods) to form of advanced state capitalism (joint state-private ownership) the process of development.
Reach in the process that transforms in socialism after finishing, country early or late with " 4 horses share out ill-gotten gains " with the way that pays fixed interest, regard peace as the cost of buy out, the person that pay privately owned industry and commerce many yuan 30, exceeded their original property amount. This kind of practice, got ethical the capitalist class support.
To the end of 1956, 96.3% what join the farmer of cooperation to reach countrywide farmer sum total; 91.7% what attend the handicraft industry personnel of cooperation to already took all handicraft industry staff; Industry of countrywide privately owned door 99% of several, privately owned commerce door 82.2% of several, brought into the orbit of joint state-private ownership or cooperation respectively. So far, the socialism of Chinese agriculture, handicraft industry, capitalist industry and commerce is transformed finish basically.
Accompany the new economic base that takes absolutely advantage as manufacturing data state ownership build, system of socialist economy system, politics system, educational science culture is formed basically. Socialism is basic of the system build, for all development of contemporary China progress laid system foundation.