新中国峥嵘岁月|社会主义改造完成

伊人久久视频 · 2019-09-25 09:56
新中国峥嵘岁月|社会主义改造完成

  (壯麗70年·奮鬥新時代——新中國崢嶸歲月)

  新華社北京9月14日電 題:社會主義改造完成

  1956年1月15日,北京各界20多萬人在天安門廣場舉行慶祝社會主義改造勝利聯歡大會。毛澤東和其他中央領導同志出席瞭大會。北京市市長彭真在會上宣佈:我們的首都已經進入瞭社會主義社會。中國大地上到處張燈結彩,鑼鼓喧天,慶祝社會主義改造的勝利完成。

1956年1月15日,北京各界20多萬人在天安門廣場舉行慶祝社會主義改造勝利聯歡大會。新華社發

  走社會主義道路是中國人民歷史的選擇。1953年,中共中央正式提出瞭過渡時期總路線。在總路線的指導下,社會主義改造開始進行。農業一般經歷瞭互助組、初級農業生產合作社、高級農業生產合作社幾個階段;手工業一般經歷瞭生產合作小組、手工業供銷合作社、手工業生產合作社幾個階段;對資本主義工商業,大體經過瞭從低級國傢資本主義形式(統購包銷、加工訂貨)到高級國傢資本主義形式(公私合營)發展的過程。

1956年1月18日,上海市舉行瞭郊區農業生產合作社代表會議。這是代表們紛紛把要求辦高級社的申請書送上主席臺(資料照片)。 新華社記者 曹興華 攝

  在社會主義改造的過程中及完成以後,國傢先後以“四馬分肥”和支付定息的方式,作為和平贖買的代價,付給私營工商業者30多億元,超過瞭他們原有的資產總額。這種做法,得到瞭民族資產階級的擁護。

天津市公私合營的工廠和商店都掛上瞭新招牌。這是公私合營盛錫福帽廠掛上新招牌時,職工們和經理集聚在門前互相祝賀。新華社記者 袁苓 攝

  到1956年底,加入合作社的農戶達到全國農戶總數的96.3%;參加合作社的手工業人員已占全體手工業人員的91.7%;全國私營工業戶數的99%,私營商業戶數的82.2%,分別納入瞭公私合營或合作社的軌道。至此,中國農業、手工業、資本主義工商業的社會主義改造基本完成。

這是北京崇文區手工業者在加入手工業生產合作社登記站裡遞交申請入社登記表(資料照片)。 新華社記者 時盤棋 攝

  伴隨著生產資料公有制占絕對優勢的新的經濟基礎的建立,社會主義經濟體制、政治體制、教育科學文化體制基本形成。社會主義基本制度的建立,為當代中國的一切發展進步奠定瞭制度基礎。

(Gallant 70 years · struggles new era -- years of new China extraordinary)

Report inscribed Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on September 14: Socialism is transformed finish

On January 15, 1956, 20 much people are in Beijing all circles Tiananmen Square holds congratulatory socialism to transform triumphal gam congress. Mao Zedong and other comrade of the leader central attended plenary meeting. Beijing mayor Peng Zhen announces on the meeting: Our capital had entered socialistic society. On Chinese earth everywhere decorate with lanterns and streamers, day of noisy of gong and drum, the victory that congratulatory socialism transforms is finished.

On January 15, 1956, 20 much people are in Beijing all circles Tiananmen Square holds congratulatory socialism to transform triumphal gam congress. Hair of Xinhua News Agency

Taking socialistic way is the choice of Chinese people history. 1953, the Central Committee of Communist Party of China offerred interim general line formally. Below the guidance of general line, socialism is transformed begin to undertake. Agriculture experienced coadjutant group, primary agriculture to produce cooperation, advanced agriculture to produce cooperation commonly a few phase; Handicraft industry experienced cooperation of supply and marketing of manufacturing cooperation group, handicraft industry, handicraft industry to produce cooperation commonly a few phase; To capitalist industry and commerce, passed roughly from form of elementary state capitalism (all is bought have exclusive selling rights, orders placed by the state with private enterprises for processing materials or supplying manufactured goods) to form of advanced state capitalism (joint state-private ownership) the process of development.

On January 18, 1956, shanghai held suburb agriculture to produce cooperation to represent the conference. This is representing serve rostrum the requisition that asks to run high company in succession (data photograph) . Reporter Cao Xinghua photographs Xinhua News Agency

Reach in the process that transforms in socialism after finishing, country early or late with " 4 horses share out ill-gotten gains " with the way that pays fixed interest, regard peace as the cost of buy out, the person that pay privately owned industry and commerce many yuan 30, exceeded their original property amount. This kind of practice, got ethical the capitalist class support.

The factory of joint state-private ownership and shop hanged Tianjin city new shop sign. This is joint state-private ownership when factory of cap of blessing flourishing stannum hangs new shop sign, workers are congratulated each other before the door with manager assemble. Ling of Yuan of reporter of Xinhua News Agency is photographed

To the end of 1956, 96.3% what join the farmer of cooperation to reach countrywide farmer sum total; 91.7% what attend the handicraft industry personnel of cooperation to already took all handicraft industry staff; Industry of countrywide privately owned door 99% of several, privately owned commerce door 82.2% of several, brought into the orbit of joint state-private ownership or cooperation respectively. So far, the socialism of Chinese agriculture, handicraft industry, capitalist industry and commerce is transformed finish basically.

This is the person that Beijing esteems article region handicraft industry joining handicraft industry to produce cooperation to register application is handed over to enter company registration form in the station (data photograph) . When reporter of Xinhua News Agency dish the chess is photographed

Accompany the new economic base that takes absolutely advantage as manufacturing data state ownership build, system of socialist economy system, politics system, educational science culture is formed basically. Socialism is basic of the system build, for all development of contemporary China progress laid system foundation.

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