和谐中国——70年中国面貌变迁述评之六

伊人久久资讯 · 2019-09-25 09:56
和谐中国——70年中国面貌变迁述评之六

  新華社北京9月14日電 題:和諧中國——70年中國面貌變遷述評之六

  新華社記者熊豐

  “和”,中華民族幾千年的古老哲學,人類文明孜孜以求的社會理想。

  政通人和、內和外順、協和萬邦……“和”,蘊藏著深刻哲理,從歷史深處走來,在新時代閃耀光芒。

  70年來,新中國在發展中實現和諧。56個民族、億萬中華兒女同心築夢,奏響瞭百姓和順、城鄉和美、社會和諧的美妙樂章。

  “和”的精彩——“個人夢”融入“中國夢”

  8月27日,俄羅斯喀山,第45屆世界技能大賽。

  總時長18個小時、4個模塊的焊接,在近乎微米之爭的精度中,趙脯菠用堪稱完美的表現一舉奪得焊接項目金牌。

  閃耀的弧光,點亮瞭趙脯菠的人生。這個來自四川省涼山彝族自治州“95後”小夥,初中畢業後進入攀枝花技師學院學習,如今站上瞭世界級最高領獎臺。

  知識改變命運。從新中國成立初期,4.5億人口中80%以上是文盲,到今天我國高等教育辦學規模和年畢業人數居世界首位。70年來,億萬人民通過受教育實現瞭人生理想。

  和諧,是各展其能、各得其所。

  中國夢歸根到底是人民的夢。每一個夢想都可以拔節生長,每個人都能有人生出彩的機會,和諧中國,就有瞭最具活力的底色。

  構建和諧,不僅要促進個人的全面發展,還要讓全體人民共享改革發展的成果。

  順應人民群眾對美好生活的向往,這是不斷增進人民福祉的“加法”——改革開放以來,居民人均可支配收入由171元增加到2.82萬元;

  決勝全面建成小康社會的征程,這是一個也不能少的“減法”——貧困人口從1978年的7.7億人減少到2018年1660萬人。

  基本養老保險覆蓋超過9.42億人,醫療保險覆蓋超過13.44億人……全體人民老有所養、病有所醫、勞有所得、住有所居,一張張民生基礎保障網,將一個個傢庭的“小幸福”,聯結成整個社會的“大和諧”。

  和諧,更要人人為我、我為人人。

  發源於上世紀60年代的“雷鋒精神”,影響瞭一代又一代中國人。

  如今,全國志願服務信息系統註冊志願者超過1億人,記錄志願服務時間超過12億小時。

  鄰裡守望、交通引導、關愛農民工、關愛留守兒童……志願服務深入生活的日常平常經常,惠及人們的衣食住行。

  70年來,從“學習雷鋒好榜樣”到“孝老愛親”“鄉賢文化”,以和善居民、和美傢庭促和睦鄰裡、和諧村居。社會主義核心價值觀熔鑄成向上向善的精神氣質,成為中華民族大傢庭的優良“傢風”。

  “和”的智慧——“崇德尚法”推動“共治共享”

  浙江諸暨楓橋鎮,“老楊調解中心”裡的一百多本日記,訴說著調解員楊光照三十多年來的一萬多個調解故事。

  成立9年來,“老楊調解中心”累計受理各類糾紛近2000起,群眾滿意率100%,“有事找老楊”成瞭當地群眾的口頭禪。

  1963年,正是這裡的幹部群眾創造瞭“發動和依靠群眾,堅持矛盾不上交,就地解決,實現捕人少、治安好”的“楓橋經驗”。

  走過半個多世紀,“楓橋經驗”從浙江諸暨發源,從之江兩岸向全國發展。

  作為一個有著近14億人口的發展中大國,世人驚嘆,中國如何在深刻變革中實現經濟持續健康發展、社會長期和諧穩定?

  ——70年來,法治與德治相互融合。社會在變革中和諧穩定,在和諧中生生不息。

  從無法可依到中國特色社會主義法律體系建成,法治在調節社會關系、促進社會和諧中發揮瞭不可替代的作用。辦事依法、遇事找法、解決問題靠法成為全體公民的共同遵循。

  被廣泛認同的道德及時上升為法律;運用法治手段解決道德領域突出問題;違法失信懲戒機制不斷完善……法安天下,德潤人心。法治與德治的光熱,共同照亮社會的每個角落。

  ——70年來,從社會管控到社會管理再到社會治理,共建共治共享社會治理格局不斷顯現新氣象。

  從“小腳偵緝隊”到“朝陽群眾”,從“刷墻貼通知”到“互聯網+”,變化的是群防群治力量不斷增強、現實世界向虛擬空間不斷擴展,不變的是充分調動群眾參與的積極性,共同助推社會和諧。

  如今,促進和諧的“填充劑”越來越多。我國約40萬個覆蓋廣泛社區社會組織,實現自我管理、自我服務,成為維護社會和諧有序的最活躍“細胞”。

  如今,化解矛盾的“減壓閥”更加有效。全國共有人民調解委員會75萬多個,每年調解各類矛盾糾紛上千萬件,發揮瞭在協調社會關系中不可或缺的“減震”“彌合”功能。

  不懈的實踐探索,中華傳統治理智慧和現代治理理念相結合的和諧中國實現路徑愈發清晰。自治法治德治、共建共治共享,正將國傢治理體系和治理能力現代化推向新的高度。

  “和”的發展——從“和諧共生”到“天下一傢”

  4月28日,2019年中國北京世界園藝博覽會如約而至。

  步入園區,中國館映入眼簾。海坨山下,媯水河畔,一座外形如一柄如意的半環形建築舒展於青山綠水間。這是一座會“呼吸”、有“生命”的綠色建築。

  “部分展廳覆蓋於梯田之下,以提高建築的保濕隔熱性能,降低采暖能耗。同時在屋頂設置雨水收集系統,用以灌溉梯田,實現生態微循環。”中國建築設計研究院建築一院院長景泉說。

  北京世園會,讓大自然的交響樂與人類和諧相融,折射出的,是對人與自然規律的尊重和遵循。

  以最嚴格的制度守護生態、發揮環保督察“利劍”威力、打響藍天碧水凈土保衛戰……今日中國,與經濟發展同步的是,綠色不斷拓展、藍天越來越多、河湖更加清澈。

  發展,不僅要實現人口、資源、環境相協調,更進入到經濟、政治、文化、社會、生態文明建設統籌推進的更高境界。

  立己達人,在實現自身發展同時,推動構建和諧世界,更是今日中國的責任與擔當。

  從應對氣候變化到促進全球可持續發展,從幫助發展中國傢實現更好發展到促進國際反恐合作……在諸多需要擔當責任的國際領域,中國懷著“天下一傢”的情懷,盡己之力,貢獻世界。

  “一帶一路”倡議、金磚國傢新開發銀行、亞洲基礎設施投資銀行……中國敞開胸懷歡迎各國搭乘中國“快車”,以實際行動提供中國智慧,同世界各國合作共贏。

  和諧的目光,總是兼及兩邊,既提倡以和為貴,又堅持和而不同。

  2019年5月,北京。亞洲文明對話大會盛大開幕。亞洲47個國傢代表,拉美、歐洲等其他地區代表就文明交流展開廣泛探討。世界各國文明平等對話、交流互鑒、相互啟迪。

  “和”的力量,將涓涓細流匯成江海,把點點纖塵積築成山。

  和諧,讓人和自然更親密地貼近、讓不同文明在腳步間交融、讓陌生的笑臉出現尋常的街頭,和諧中國的生動畫面,成為中華民族逐夢路上美麗的風景。

Report inscribed Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on September 14: Harmonious China -- of commentary of changes of appearance of 70 years of China

Xiong Feng of reporter of Xinhua News Agency

"And " , the Chinese nation old philosophy of thousands of years, the society of in an attempt to of human civilization diligent is ideal.

Politics a person of wide knowledge and sound scholarship and, inside outside mixing, arrange, assist He Mobang... " and " , contain is worn deep philosophic theory, from go in the history, flare in new era ray.

Come 70 years, new China realizes harmony in development. Children of 56 nations, millions upon millions China is homocentric build a dream, played common people and suitable, urban and rural the wonderful movement with harmony of beautiful, society.

"And " wonderful -- " individual dream " blend in " Chinese dream "

On August 27, hill of Russia noise made in coughing or vomiting, contest of technical ability of the 45th world.

Always when grow 4 18 hours, module solder, in the contend for precision close to micron, zhao chest Bo says with can perfect expressional with one action carries off solder project gold.

Glaring arc, illumed the life of Zhao chest Bo. This comes from Sichuan to save autonomous prefecture of cool hill the Yi nationality " 95 hind " groups small, kapok technician institute is entered to learn after junior high school graduates, stood nowadays world-class is highest the stage that receive award.

Knowledge changes a destiny. Anew China establishs initial stage, the 80% above in 450 million population are analphabetic, to today managerial dimensions of our country higher education is mixed first place of year of world of graduation number house. Come 70 years, millions upon millions people realized life ideal through getting education.

Harmonious, it is to exhibit its each can, each is in his proper place.

Chinese dream the dream that in the final analysis is people. Each dream is OK jointing grows, everybody can have life to give the chance of colour, harmonious China, had the impression that provides energy most.

Compose builds harmony, want to promote full-scale development of the individual not only, let all people share the fruit that reforms progress even.

Those who comply with people to live to happiness is yearning, this is happiness and benefit of ceaseless and promotional people " addition " -- since reforming and opening, dweller average per capita can control income to increase twenty-eight thousand two hundred yuan by 171 yuan;

Decide the issue of the battle builds the journey of comparatively well-off society in the round, this is also cannot little " subtration " -- impoverished population decreases from the 770 million person 1978 2018 16.6 million person.

Primary endowment insurance covers more than 942 million person, medical treatment is sure to cover more than 1.344 billion person... all people often is raised somewhat, ill somewhat cure, fatigue is gotten somewhat, live to be resided somewhat, a piece of Zhang Min gives birth to a foundation to ensure a net, each family " small happiness " , coupling becomes whole society " old tune " .

Harmonious, more VIP person is me, I am everybody.

Seminary at going up century of 60 time " Lei Feng spirit " , affected generation another acting Chinese.

Nowadays, system of information of countrywide volunteer service registers a volunteer to exceed 100 million person, record ideal serve time more than 1.2 billion hours.

Neighborhood keeps watch, children of worker worker of peasant of traffic guiding, care, care staying behind... what volunteer service lives deep is daily and common often, benefit reachs the basic necessities of life of people.

Come 70 years, from " learn Lei Feng good example " to " filial piety often loves to kiss " " countryside virtuous culture " , with genial dweller, with the United States the family closes to and harmonious neighborhood, harmonious village is resided. Founding of socialistic core viewpoint of value is become enrage to the spirit of be apt to up qualitative, those who become big family of the Chinese nation is admirable " domestic wind " .

"And " wisdom -- " esteem De Shangfa " drive " treat in all share "

Zhu Jifeng bridge presses down Zhejiang, "Laoyang mediates a center " more than 100 diaries in, telling the story of more than 10000 mediation that adjuster Yang Guang comes to according to more than 30 years.

Hold water 9 years to come, "Laoyang mediates a center " accumulative total hears of all kinds issue nearly 2000 cases, masses satisfaction is led 100% , "Occupied look for Laoyang " the pet phrase that became local masses.

1963, the cadre masses that is here was created " start and rely on masses, hold to contradiction to be not handed in, on the spot is solved, implementation arrests a person little, public security is good " " maple bridge experience " .

Had taken half many century, "Maple bridge experience " from Zhejiang all and seminary, from river two sides develops to the whole nation.

In the development that having nearly 1.4 billion population as big country, common people exclaim, if why China lasts in economy of the implementation in changing deeply does long-term harmony stabilize healthy progress, society?

-- come 70 years, law and rule of virtue are mutual and shirt-sleeve. The society is stabilized in the harmony in changing, unripe in harmony be born not to cease.

From cannot can depend on jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism to build, law is adjusting the effect that cannot replace was produced in harmony of human relations in society, stimulative society. Handle affairs lawfully, search when anything crops up those who solve a problem to rely on a law to become all citizen is law, collective abide by.

Be risen in time to be law by the morality of extensive self-identity; Carry solves moral domain to highlight a problem with law measure; Break the law break one's promise chasten mechanism is perfected ceaselessly... the law installs the world, heart benefit will of people. The light of law and rule of virtue is hot, enlighten jointly every corner of the society.

-- come 70 years, from the society the canal accuses social government to be administered to the society again, build in all treat in all share a society to administer pattern to show new scene ceaselessly.

From " team of bound feet track down and arrest " arrive " sunny masses " , from " whitewash the wall stick an announcement " to " Internet + " , metabolic is group prevent group treat force to increase ceaselessly, real world expands ceaselessly to fictitious space, changeless is the enthusiasm that arouses masses adequately to participate in, aid jointly promote social harmony.

Nowadays, of stimulative harmony " filler " increasing. Our country enclothes extensive community organism about 400 thousand times, realize service of ego management, ego, become maintain social harmony orderly the most active " cell " .

Nowadays, dissolve contradiction " pressure-relief valve " more effective. Countrywide mutual people mediates committee 750 thousand many, mediate the ten million on of all kinds and contradictory dispute every year, developed indispensable in harmonious social relations " damping " " close " function.

Indefatigable practice is explored, the harmonious China that China tradition governs wisdom and union of photograph of contemporary processing concept realizes method to send clarity more. Autonomic law rule of virtue, build in all treat in all share, governing the country system and processing capability modernization to push to new height.

"And " develop -- from " harmonious accrete " to " the world "

On April 28, chinese Beijing world is horticultural 2019 exposition as agreed upon and to.

Enter garden area, chinese house greet. Below sea Tuo hill, gui water riverside, an appearance is like one handle flexibly half annular building is extended at green hill between green water. This is a meeting " breath " , have " life " green building.

"Partial exhibition hall is enclothed under terraced fields, maintain wet heat proof quality in order to raise architectural, reduce heating specific power consumption. Install rainwater to collect a system in housetop at the same time, in order to irrigates terraced fields, realize zoology small loop. " academy of Chinese building design builds Jing Quan of one courtyard dean to say.

Beijing world garden is met, let be in harmony of photograph of harmony of the symphony of nature and mankind, reflection goes out, the esteem that is pair of people and the order of nature and abide by.

Guard superintend of environmental protection of zoology, play with the rigiddest system " Li Jian " Sukhavati of water of green jade of blue sky of might, start shooting guards battle... now China, what develop synchronism with economy is, green is extended ceaselessly, blue sky lake of increasing, river is more clear.

Develop, want to realize photograph of population, resource, environment to coordinate not only, more the taller state that enters construction of civilization of economy, politics, culture, society, zoology to be advanced as a whole.

Stand oneself amount to a person, in implementation oneself develops at the same time, drive compose to build harmonious world, it is now more Chinese responsibility and take on.

From answer climate to change to be able to develop continuously to stimulative whole world, better from implementation of help developing country progress fears cooperating instead to stimulative international... take on in a lot of need the international domain of responsibility, china is cherished " the world " feelings, exhaust personal power, contributive world.

"One belt all the way " infrastructure of bank of new development of proposal, Home Jin Zhuanguo, Asia invests a bank... China opens wide bosom to welcome each country to take China " express " , offer Chinese wisdom with real operation, with win-win of collaboration of world each country.

Harmonious look, always hold concurrently reach both sides, advocate already it is in order to mix expensive, insist to mix again and differ.

In May 2019, beijing. Congress of Asian civilization dialog kicks off grandly. 47 countries of Asian are represented, the other area delegate such as Latin America, Europe spreads out to be discussed extensively with respect to civilization communication. Ancient bronze mirror of each other of dialog of equality of civilization of world each country, communication, mutual edificatory.

"And " force, collect trickling sluggishly brooklet Cheng Jianghai, accumulate dirt of every bits of bit fine build hill.

Harmonious, make support of the people natural press close to of more familiar ground, let different civilization blend between the footstep, let new smiling face appear the street of common, the vivid picture of harmonious China, become the Chinese nation to pursue the beautiful view on dream road.

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