Success of progress of career of 70 years of human rights of new China is brilliant (international forum)
What new China initiated career of Chinese human rights to develop is epochal, especially of reforming and opening and party 18 big since, the Chinese goes before power facilities is fast, came true to span type develops, obtained historic accomplishment.
National independence and dominion get be ensuringed effectively. After new China holds water, chinese government abolished western big powers forces Chinese unequal treaty, country of clean up imperialism is in China prerogative and force, upheld state sovereignty, defend national interest and ethical dignity.
People living standard rises quickly, came true to arrive from poverty dress warmly and ear one's fill, arrive again comparatively well-off historic flight. Chinese dweller average per capita can control income to be 49.7 yuan 1949, increased 28228 yuan 2018, name grows 566.6 times, deduct prices factor to grow 59.2 actually times. According to the country is poor 2010 standard, end China country is poor 1978 population 770 million person, end reduced 16.6 million person 2018.
Educational enterprise is great develop. Through effort of 70 years, china teachs appearance happening to be changed at all. 9 years compulsory education gains ground in the round, education of high school level gains ground quickly, level of higher education in a popular style rises further. 9 years compulsory education consolidated 2018 rate amount to 94.2% , rate of enter a school of wool of high school phase is 88.8% , rate of enter a school of higher education wool is amounted to 48.1% . Dimensions of state religion Yo occupies world first place in.
Medical treatment defends unripe condition to be improved apparently. Come 70 years, china built enclothe urban and rural medical treatment sanitation to serve a system, level of health of urban and rural dweller rises significantly, healthy advantageous position of people gets be ensuringed effectively. Life expectancy of Chinese average per capita achieved 77 years old 2018, infantile mortality drops 6.1 ‰ , state of the good-paying in residing democracy to want world of healthy index excel is average level.
Social security system is built in the round. Come 70 years, china is explored ceaselessly, built the dimensions on the world the biggest, cover the social security system with most population. To the end of 2018, the whole nation attends number of primary endowment insurance to amount to 942 million person, attend number of insurance of primary medical treatment to amount to 1.344 billion person.
People enjoys extensive political right and person freedom right. New China built people's congress system, came true people is master in his own house. Chinese constitution sets, all influence of the country belong to people, the mechanism of people exercise influence is National People's Congress and place various people's congress. Constitution makes clear a regulation, the citizen has speech, publish, the freedom of assembly, tong, processional, demonstrate and religious belief; Dignity of person freedom of the citizen, character and residence do not suffer encroach; Communication freedom of the citizen and communication secret get legal protection.
Basic level democracy comes true in the round. Basic level democracy is safeguard citizen direct exercise counterpoises each democratically the important way of benefit. With urban and rural village (house) civilian autonomy is core, democratic election, democracy talks things over, democratic and decision-making, democracy management, democracy supervises the system of autonomy of basic level masses that is main content to be built basically. In a rural area, village appoint can execute direct election generally, the villager is participated on average rate more than 90% , the village of 98% made a village compasses civilian is made an appointment with and villager autonomy constitution; Be in urban district, the whole nation already had dweller committee 106 thousand. Urban and rural dweller passes committee of direct election villager and house appoint conference member, democracy discussion decides this village is mixed this community weighs important matter Wu to wait, democratic and election of sufficient exercise democracy, decision-making, democracy management and the right that control democratically.
Law state construction obtains significant progress. Since new China holds water, china from 0 begin, build jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism. Since reforming and opening, especially 18 big since, china advances the law of law state construction and human rights to ensure energetically. China fulfils a blame strictly punishment blame of legal, doubt from without, illegal evidence eliminates to wait for legal principle, ensure jurisdiction and independence of procuratorial work authority are judicial exercise, advance judicatory to make public, guarantee a lawyer hold property right, built law to help system and judicatory deliverance system.
Career of new China human rights gains so huge success, very important because have correct human rights concept, is how-to. Come 70 years, progress of career of Chinese human rights holds to the leader of the party from beginning to end, hold to socialistic direction. New China set the socialistic property that contemporary China human rights develops. Socialism becomes the mass-tone that Chinese human rights develops to move. Height of ideal colleague authority agrees with the free equality that socialism goes after. Insisting to be a center with people is the core concept that Chinese human rights develops. People is historical author, also be the principal part that human rights expands. China respects place of people main body, regard the main participator that human rights develops and promoter as people from beginning to end, attract people consciousness to devote into human rights to ensure a career. Human rights ensures the life be closely bound up that is the same as everybody, it is the increase with significant people. Party and government admit human rights enterprise, strengthen human rights safeguard, the purpose maintains the interest of people namely. What contented people lives to happiness is yearning the top end that is progress of career of Chinese human rights. Of the party 19 put forward greatly, the good life that our country society basically contradicts to had changed humanness civilian to grow increasingly needs and lopsided the contradiction between scant progress. Ceaseless creation happiness lives on the base that the target that Chinese human rights develops wants to resolving this contradiction namely, people of progressively implementation collectivity is collective and rich, the full-scale development of stimulative person.
Come 70 years, chinese party and government lead people, encourage struggles, walked out of a human rights that accords with native national condition successfully to develop way. This road hair results from Chinese history is traditional, root at Chinese actual national condition, drew lessons from each state-owned beneficial experience, reflected the substaintial demand of Chinese characteristic socialism. The first, the catholicity principle that holds to a human rights is united in wedlock actually with China. Chinese government still is in according to China and will be in socialism for a long time primary level this fundamental national condition, hold to principle of human rights catholicity, get used to development demand of people actively, devote oneself to in a planned way from beginning to end, measure, grading ground promotes human rights career to develop progress. The 2nd, hold to live to counterpoise and develop authority to serve as principal privilege. China regards the first important or urgent business as development from beginning to end, be liberated ceaselessly and develop productivity, devote oneself to to eliminate poverty, realized people life to arrive again to dress warmly and ear one's fill from poverty comparatively well-off historic span, drive human rights to ensure a career to cross on new chance to extricateoneself from an awkward position. The 3rd, insist to be coordinated in the round drive each right. China holds to each human rights interdependent, impartible cut, undertake planning as a whole to the development of each human rights harmonious, balanced advance, cogent those who drive right of right of economy, society, culture and attainder, politics develop in coordination, promote the comprehensive progress of a person rights of man and collective human rights. The 4th, all-around law of promotion human rights changes safeguard standard. China is advanced in the round according to law state, hold to an organic whole of society of government of law state, law, law to build, esteem and socialism of park of safeguard human rights law state builds more prominent position, ensure human rights perforative execute the law legislatively, strictly at science, just judicatory and the whole people are abide by the law wait for each link. The 5th, compose builds human destiny community, drive build just and reasonable international rights of man to administer a system. Chinese sturdy defend with " United Nations Charter " for the law of nations of core basic principle and international concern basic standard, fulfil the obligation that the pact of international human rights that already entered sets seriously, the view begins communication of international human rights and collaboration on equality and mutual respect foundation, increase the human rights such as the right of classics company language that values developing country attention and development authority, promote of all kinds human rights to develop in the round.
(The author is Party school of Central Committee of Communist Party of China (national administration institute) teach)