追求绿色发展 中国生态文明建设驶入快车道

伊人久久视频 · 2019-09-25 09:50
追求绿色发展 中国生态文明建设驶入快车道

  (新中國70年)追求綠色發展 中國生態文明建設駛入快車道

  中新社北京9月14日電 (記者 阮煜琳)“懸賞30萬元(人民幣)請環保局長下河遊泳”“霧霾”“垃圾圍城”……伴隨著中國經濟高速增長,環境污染頻頻成為百姓關註的熱點。新中國成立70年來,隨著生活條件的改善,百姓從盼望溫飽變成盼望綠水藍天,中國生態文明建設也隨之進入快車道。

資料圖為茂名電白博賀林帶。中新社記者 姬東 攝

  餘村,位於浙江省安吉縣天荒坪鎮,上世紀90年代,餘村人靠山吃山,建起瞭石灰窯,辦起瞭磚廠、水泥廠,成為當地遠近聞名的富裕村。但當地一張水泥廠的黑白照片,揭示瞭當年那段煙塵滾滾、環境污染的歷史。

  餘村所在的安吉縣,為脫貧致富走上瞭“工業強縣”之路,造紙、化工、建材、印染等企業相繼崛起,在經濟快速增長過程中,造成瞭生態環境巨大破壞。

  2001年,安吉下決心改變傳統發展模式,確立瞭“生態立縣”的發展戰略,開始對新的發展方式進行探索和實踐。經過十餘年努力,如今安吉縣實現瞭生態保護和經濟發展的雙贏,成為中國美麗鄉村建設的成功樣板。

  與安吉縣一樣,伴隨現代化建設取得巨大成就,中國多個地區出現瞭保護生態環境與加快經濟發展的尖銳矛盾和激烈沖突。

  隨著生態文明建設不斷推進,中國生態保護和環境污染治理力度持續加大。上世紀70年代,北京市官廳水庫污染治理拉開瞭中國水污染治理的序幕;上世紀80年代,保護環境被確立為基本國策;上世紀90年代,可持續發展戰略被確定為國傢戰略,大規模開展重點城市、流域、區域、海域環境綜合整治。隨著生態文明建設不斷推進,環境污染治理力度持續加大。中國堅持保護優先、自然恢復為主,開展國土綠化行動。

  20世紀90年代以來,一系列重大生態工程落地實施,包括三江源生態保護和建設、西藏生態安全屏障保護與建設、祁連山區山水林田湖生態保護修復、青海湖流域綜合治理等,取得瞭顯著成效。與2004年相比,長江、黃河、瀾滄江年均向下遊多輸出58億立方米優質水,真正確保瞭“三江清水向東流”。

  進入新世紀,中國大力推進資源節約型、環境友好型社會建設。進入新時代,生態文明建設被納入中國特色社會主義“五位一體”總體佈局,建設美麗中國成為奮鬥目標,中國生態文明建設駛入快車道。

  中國生態環境部部長李幹傑指出,新中國成立70年來,民眾從“盼溫飽”到“盼環保”,從“求生存”到“求生態”,生態環境在民眾生活幸福指數中的地位不斷凸顯。不斷滿足人民日益增長的優美生態環境需要,必須把解決突出生態環境問題作為民生優先領域。

  “發展經濟不能對資源和生態環境竭澤而漁,保護生態環境也不是要舍棄經濟發展,綠水青山就是金山銀山,改善生態環境就是發展生產力”,李幹傑說。

  李幹傑指出,從根本上解決生態環境問題,必須貫徹落實新發展理念,加快形成節約資源和保護環境的空間格局、產業結構、生產方式、生活方式,把經濟活動、人的行為限制在自然資源和生態環境能夠承受的限度內,給自然生態留下休養生息的時間和空間。

  國務院發展研究中心資源與環境政策研究所副所長常紀文說,要全面加強生態環境保護、堅決打好污染防治攻堅戰,必須要有耐心,久久為功,本著“功成不必在我,但是過程離不開我”的思想,一代接一代,一年接一年,做出我們的努力。(完)

(New China 70 years) construction of civilization of zoology of China of pursuit green development sails drive

Beijing of China News Service on September 14 report (reporter Ruan Yulin) " offer a reward 300 thousand yuan (RMB) ask the river below environmental protection director to swim " " mist haze " " rubbish encircle a city " ... companion grows as Chinese economy high speed, the environment pollutes the heat that becomes common people attention again and again. New China holds water 70 years to come, as the improvement of living conditions, common people from look forward to dress warmly and ear one's fill to become look forward to green water blue sky, construction of Chinese zoology civilization also enters drive subsequently.

Data chart is forest belt of congratulate of white rich of luxuriant name report. Female singer of reporter of China News Service east photograph

Yu Cun, be located in Zhejiang to visit town of level ground of waste of day of the county that install auspicious, go up century 90 time, backer of person of more than village has mountain, build removed limekiln, ran plant of brickyard, cement, become the rich village with local famed far and near. But the black-and-white photograph of plant of a piece of cement of local, announced in those days the history that billow of that paragraph of soot, environment pollutes.

The county installing auspicious that Yu Cun is in, walked up to take off deficient to become rich " industrial strong county " road, the industry such as papermaking, chemical industry, building materials, printing and dyeing rises in succession, grow a process quickly in economy in, created zoology environment gigantic havoc.

2001, an Ji is determined to change a tradition to develop pattern, establish " zoology establishs a county " development strategy, begin to have exploration and practice to new development way. Try hard through more than 10 years, what installed auspicious county to achieve zoology protection and economic progress nowadays is double win, the successful model that makes construction of Chinese beautiful country.

Like the county that install auspicious, accompany modernization to gain huge success, many areas of Chinese appeared to protect zoology environment and the acerb contradiction that accelerate economic development and intense conflict.

As zoology civilization construction is advanced ceaselessly, chinese zoology protection and strength of environmental pollution processing are increased continuously. Go up century 70 time, what reservoir of Beijing official office polluted processing to pull open Chinese water pollution to administer is prelusive; Go up century 80 time, protective environment is by establish basic national policy; Go up century 90 time, can develop the strategy to be decided to be national strategy continuously, large-scale begin environment of key city, catchment, area, maritime space integrated punish. As zoology civilization construction is advanced ceaselessly, environmental pollution administers strength to be increased continuously. China insists to protect preferential, nature to restore to give priority to, begin land afforest operation.

20 centuries since 90 time, be born of a series of great zoology project are carried out, include security of zoology of protection of zoology of 3 rivers source and construction, Tibet catchment of lake of rehabilitate of protection of zoology of lake of Lin Tian of scenery with hills and waters of protective screen protection and construction, Qi Lianshan region, Qinghai is administered integratedly etc, obtained remarkable result. With compared 2004, jiang Nianjun of dark blue of the Yangtse River, Yellow River, billows swims to output 5.8 billion stere more downward high grade water, ensured truly " 3 rivers clear water flows eastwards " .

Enter new century, china boosts resource energetically managing model, the environment is friendly model social construction. Enter new era, zoology civilization builds socialism of characteristic of the China that be brought into " 5 an organic whole " total position, build beautiful China to become struggling target, construction of Chinese zoology civilization sails drive.

Li Ganjie of minister of ministry of Chinese zoology environment points out, new China holds water 70 years to come, the people from " long for dress warmly and ear one's fill " to " expect environmental protection " , from " seek to live on put " to " beg zoology " , zoology environment gives birth to the position in vivid happy index to be highlighted ceaselessly in the people. Satisfy the need of beautiful zoology environment that people increases increasingly ceaselessly, must solve problem of outstanding zoology environment to regard the people's livelihood as preferential domain.

"Development economy cannot is opposite resource and zoology environment drain the pond to get all the fish, protecting zoology environment also is not to should abandon economic progress, green water green hill is golden hill silver-colored hill, improving zoology environment is development productivity " , li Ganjie says.

Li Ganjie points out, from go up at all solve zoology environment problem, must carry out implement new development concept, accelerate structure of the dimensional structure that forms resource conservation and protective environment, industry, producer type, lifestyle, restrict the action of economic activity, person in rich and zoology environment can inside susceptive limit, leave the time of rehabilitate and space to natural zoology.

The State Council develops Chang Jiwen of assistant director of research center resource and environmental policy institute to say, should strengthen zoology in the round it is environmental protection, good to be hit stoutly battle of assault fortified positions of contaminative prevention and cure, must want to have patience, for a long time is result, act on " result into need not be in I, but the process cannot leave me " thought, generation receives generation, receive a year one year, make our effort. (Be over)

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