在民主法治的道路上砥砺奋进——写在全国人民

伊人久久在线 · 2019-09-25 09:34
在民主法治的道路上砥砺奋进——写在全国人民代表大会成立65周年之际

  新華社北京9月15日電 題:在民主法治的道路上砥礪奮進——寫在全國人民代表大會成立65周年之際

  新華社記者楊維漢、陳菲、羅沙

  65年前的這一刻,歷史永遠銘記——

  1954年9月15日,北京中南海懷仁堂,共和國的締造者們,同經過普選產生的1200多名全國人大代表一道,召開瞭第一屆全國人民代表大會第一次會議。

  大會通過瞭《中華人民共和國憲法》,一個人民當傢作主的新型政治制度由此在古老而嶄新的中國落地生根、開花結果……

  65年波瀾壯闊,65年砥礪奮進。人民代表大會制度不斷發展、日益鞏固、逐步完善,越發成熟自信,展現蓬勃生機,開辟瞭人類政治文明的新路徑。

  堅持制度自信 人民當傢作主

  早春三月,寒去春來。“95後”全國人大代表鄒彬,滿懷期望來到北京。16歲出來打工,體會到艱辛與不易,他要把提升農民工培訓、為農民工創造良好環境的建議帶到全國人民代表大會上。

  鄒彬說:“我深深感受到‘人民當傢作主’的力量。我要代表農民工更好履職。”

  “人民當傢作主”字字千鈞,背後飽含著近代以來多少仁人志士的流血犧牲、奮力求索……

  1949年9月21日,中國人民政治協商會議第一屆全體會議開幕。這次會議執行瞭全國人民代表大會的職權。會議通過瞭具有臨時憲法地位的《中國人民政治協商會議共同綱領》,確立人民代表大會制度是我國根本政治制度。

  “中華人民共和國的一切權力屬於人民。人民行使權力的機關是全國人民代表大會和地方各級人民代表大會。”1954年,一屆全國人民代表大會一次會議通過《中華人民共和國憲法》,奠定瞭人民代表大會制度建設的根本法律依據。

  選擇什麼樣的政治發展道路關乎國傢前途,關乎人民命運。

  從“豆選”“三三制”到人民代表大會制度,中國共產黨團結帶領人民成功開辟和堅持瞭中國特色社會主義政治發展道路,為實現最廣泛的人民民主確立瞭正確方向。

  人民民主是中國共產黨始終高舉的光輝旗幟。在中國實行人民代表大會制度,是中國人民在人類政治制度史上的偉大創造。

  65年來,特別是改革開放40年來,人民代表大會制度作為保證人民當傢作主的根本政治制度,不斷得到鞏固和發展,展現出蓬勃的生機與活力。在這一堅持黨的領導、人民當傢作主、依法治國有機統一的根本政治制度安排下,廣大人民依照憲法和法律規定,通過各級人民代表大會行使國傢權力,通過各種途徑和形式管理國傢事務,管理經濟和文化事業,管理社會事務。

  “尊重和保障人權”寫入憲法,修改選舉法實現城鄉居民“同票同權”,調整和每個傢庭息息相關的生育政策,修法賦予設區的市立法權為地方改革發展註入新活力……不斷完善發展的人民代表大會制度,激發出根本政治制度的巨大活力。

  中國特色社會主義進入新時代。以習近平同志為核心的黨中央高度重視、全面加強黨對人大的領導,形成瞭習近平總書記關於堅持和完善人民代表大會制度的重要思想。我們黨對人民代表大會制度的規律性認識達到瞭新高度。

  加強縣鄉人大建設提高人大工作整體水平,加強國有資產監督向人民交出“放心賬”,對“兩高”工作開展專題詢問推動司法公正……不斷與時俱進的人民代表大會制度,夯實瞭人民當傢作主的制度根基。

  2014年9月,北京人民大會堂。慶祝全國人民代表大會成立60周年大會隆重舉行——

  “中國這樣一個有5000多年文明史、幾億人口的國傢建立起人民當傢作主的新型政治制度,在中國政治發展史乃至世界政治發展史上都是具有劃時代意義的。”習近平總書記的話擲地有聲。

  65載風雨兼程,65年春華秋實。

  實踐充分證明,人民代表大會制度具有鮮明中國特色、巨大制度優勢和內在自我完善能力,是符合中國國情和實際、體現社會主義國傢性質、保證人民當傢作主、保障實現中華民族偉大復興的好制度。

  “我們堅定中國特色社會主義制度自信,首先要堅定對中國特色社會主義政治制度的自信,堅定對人民代表大會制度的自信。要堅持走中國特色社會主義政治發展道路,充分發揮人民代表大會制度的根本政治制度作用,把人民當傢作主具體地、現實地體現到國傢政治生活和社會生活之中。”全國人大常委會有關負責人說。

  依法履職盡責 堅定使命擔當

  “當我得知丈夫去世的消息,想到傢中還有年幼的孩子無人照顧,頓時對生活和未來失去瞭信心,而習主席頒佈的特赦令又給瞭我重生的希望……”被特赦的劉某宏激動心情久久不能平靜。

  2019年6月29日,全國人大常委會作出決定,國傢主席習近平簽署發佈特赦令,對部分服刑罪犯予以特赦。9月2日,湖南省長沙市中級人民法院經審理,對劉某宏依法予以特赦。

  從1959年至今,全國人大常委會先後作出9次特赦決定。全國人大及其常委會在共和國重大事項決定中,一如既往履行著法定職責——

  這是人大歷史上第一次審議和批準重大建設項目:1955年7月30日,一屆全國人大二次會議表決通過關於根治黃河水害和開發黃河水利的綜合規劃的決議,要求保證三門峽和劉傢峽兩個水庫和水電站工程及時施工。

  此後,取消及恢復軍銜制、興建三峽工程、國務院機構改革、加入世界貿易組織、設立多個自貿區……一系列事關國計民生的重大事項,經過全國人大及其常委會的審議和表決,而後付諸實施。

  人民代表大會制度順應歷史潮流,在中國的社會土壤中不斷生長,在國傢深刻的發展變革中彰顯強大的制度力量——

  作為最高國傢權力機關,全國人大及其常委會行使國傢立法權。1978年,改革開放,撥亂反正,迅速恢復、重建民主法制,成為全國人大及其常委會的歷史使命和時代擔當。

  適應改革開放後的中國社會現實和新時代發展要求,國傢立法工作按下“快進鍵”。

  ——選舉法、地方組織法、法院組織法、檢察院組織法、刑法、刑訴法、中外合資經營企業法,1979年7月1日,五屆全國人大二次會議一口氣通過瞭七部法律。

  ——1982年頒佈施行的現行憲法,歷經五次修改,從明確國傢實行社會主義市場經濟,到明確國傢尊重和保障人權,再到調整充實中國特色社會主義事業總體佈局和第二個百年奮鬥目標的內容,印證著改革開放不斷深化的時代圖景。

  ——從民法通則到合同法,從消費者權益保護法到反不正當競爭法,再到公司法、保險法、仲裁法……一批經濟領域立法,撐起瞭社會主義市場經濟法律的“四梁八柱”。

  ——打擊犯罪與保障人權並重,刑訴法於1996年完成第一次“大修”;一年後,刑法也迎來出臺後的首次修改。此後,兩部法律又經過多次修改,逐步完善。

  ——出臺外商投資法,以更大力度推進更高水平對外開放;加快編纂形成統一的民法典,全方位保護每個人的民事權利;表決通過監察法,為構建集中統一、權威高效的中國特色國傢監察體制奠定制度基礎……

  2010年底,中國特色社會主義法律體系如期形成,之後不斷完善、與時俱進。黨的十八大以來,新時代的國傢立法,從“有法可依”走向“良法善治”的步伐更加鏗鏘有力。

  曾經“先改革後立法”“邊改革邊立法”,如今“凡屬重大改革必須於法有據”,立法工作更加科學化民主化法治化,讓改革開放各項決策更符合人民期待和時代要求。

  “立法決策與改革決策相一致,恰恰體現瞭黨的領導、人民當傢作主和依法治國的有機統一。”十二屆全國人大法律委員會主任委員喬曉陽說。

  統一而又分層次立法體制的建立,使人民代表大會制度建設邁出關鍵步伐。向國傢立法看齊,地方人大及其常委會的立法與時代同步、與改革同頻、與實踐同發展。

  1979年7月,五屆全國人大二次會議通過有關決議和法律案,規定縣級以上地方各級人大設立常委會,賦予瞭省級人大及其常委會制定地方性法規的職權。之後,各省、自治區、直轄市人大陸續設立常委會。

  2000年出臺立法法,標志著中國特色社會主義立法體制已經建立起來,成為我國立法體制發展道路上的裡程碑。

  2015年3月,對立法法作出修改,賦予所有設區的市地方立法權。我國地方立法主體從無到有、從少到多,增加到353個。

  發揮“試驗田”作用,為國傢層面立法積累成熟經驗;在地方事權范圍內,有針對性地開展“小切口”立法;制定某一法律或行政法規的實施細則和辦法,解決好法治通達基層的“最後一公裡”問題……地方立法40年成效斐然。

  65年來,274部現行有效的法律、700多部行政法規、12000多件地方性法規,有力支撐起中國特色社會主義法律體系的“參天大樹”。

  這是人民代表大會制度不可磨滅的貢獻,也為國傢治理體系和治理能力現代化打下堅實的制度根基,為中華民族偉大復興提供瞭最根本、最長遠的保障。

  不忘為民初心 矢志永遠奮鬥

  1954年,來自山西農村、年僅25歲的申紀蘭第一次以全國人大代表的身份,親歷瞭載入史冊的歷史時刻:投票通過第一部憲法、選舉產生國傢領導人……

  2019年,“80後”煤礦工人董林作為全國人大代表,步入人民大會堂。幾年來,他連續提交免征煤礦井下艱苦崗位津貼個人所得稅的議案,推動政策落地見效。今年,他又提出建議關註煤礦企業轉型中的職工安置等問題。

  來自人民,為瞭人民。人民代表肩負重任,正是65年來人大工作堅守為民初心,增進民生福祉的生動寫照。

  堅守為民初心,在於對民主立法、科學立法精神的持之以恒——

  “118萬”,這是“五四憲法”誕生之際,憲法起草委員會收到的來自全國各地民眾對於憲法草案的修改和補充意見的數量。在憲法草案公佈後的兩個多月時間裡,全國共有1.5億人參加瞭這場關於新中國第一部憲法草案的大討論。

  65年來,法律草案的審議程序從“一審”變為“三審”,從部分法律案向社會征求意見到將這一做法常態化,從法律案審議過程中舉行立法聽證會到開展法律出臺前的“評估”……看似細微的變化,見證著人大立法工作更加註重回應百姓需求,適應社會現實和發展要求。

  廣集民意、凝聚民智,法律才能更接地氣、具實效。僅在2018年一年間,就有23件法律草案在中國人大網公開征求意見,逾22萬人提出超過65萬條意見。

  堅守為民初心,在於開拓創新、忠實履職,築牢人民權益的法治保障——

  1983年,遼寧省沈陽市人大常委會對憲法的貫徹執行情況進行執法檢查,開創地方人大執法檢查先河。1993年,八屆全國人大常委會通過《關於加強對法律實施情況檢查監督的若幹規定》,使執法檢查工作進一步規范化、程序化、制度化,下大力氣改變法律實施不力的狀況。

  法令行則國治。人大監督工作動真碰硬,才能取得實效。

  全國人大常委會專門加開會議聽取審議大氣污染防治法執法檢查報告,對檢查中發現的涉及22傢企業的38個問題點名曝光;海洋環境保護法執法檢查重點監督11個沿海省份的入海排污口設置和管理;專題詢問切中要害、不走過場,首次對“兩高”工作開展專題詢問……黨的十八大以來,人大監督更加務實有力,讓法律制度成為剛性約束和不可觸碰的高壓線。

  堅守為民初心,必須聚焦人民群眾所需所急所盼,護航經濟社會發展——

  修訂環境保護法,推動鐵腕治污;大修行政訴訟法,破解“民告官”難題;出臺疫苗管理法、修改藥品管理法,更有力捍衛百姓健康;頒佈電子商務法,讓網購大軍維權更有底氣……走進新時代,立法工作讓億萬人民獲得感滿滿。

  采取“打包”修法、作出決定等方式,為全面深化改革提供法律保障;國傢安全法、網絡安全法等一批法律頒佈,堅決維護國傢主權、安全、發展利益;社會主義核心價值觀融入立法,讓“中國精神”更有力量……完備的法律體系,讓改革發展更有保障、社會運行更有章可循。

  一種政治制度的生長,與其紮根的土壤息息相關。十三屆全國人大代表中,一線工人、農民代表占代表總數的15.7%,相比上屆提高瞭2.28個百分點。來自基層一線的代表不斷增加,更多基層的聲音進入最高國傢權力機關。

  “必須毫不動搖堅持中國共產黨的領導”“必須保證和發展人民當傢作主”“必須全面推進依法治國”——堅持和完善人民代表大會制度,道路就在腳下,前程無比廣闊。

  不忘初心志如山。65載崢嶸歲月,人民代表大會制度堅定為民信念、順應時代潮流,在神州大地不斷生長、壯大,將國傢民族前途命運牢牢掌握在人民手中。

  牢記使命勇擔當。在新的歷史起點上,人民代表大會制度不斷砥礪前行,必將展現出更加強大的生命力和更加顯著的優越性,為中國特色社會主義事業提供更加有力的保障。

Report inscribed Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on September 15: On the road of democratic law encourage act vigorously is entered -- during be being written in the National People's Congress to hold water 65 years

Yang Weihan of reporter of Xinhua News Agency, Chen Fei, Luo Sha

65 years ago this momently, the history forever engrave --

On September 15, 1954, the Nanhai in Beijing conceives benevolence hall, republican founders, the National People's Congress of many 1200 whole nation that arises through general election together represents a, held meeting of first time of the first National People's Congress.

Congress was passed " constitution of People's Republic of China " , the new-style politics system that a people is master in his own house is in old and brand-new China from this air plant, blossom and bear fruit...

65 years of surging forward with great momentum, 65 years encourage act vigorously is entered. People's congress system develops ceaselessly, consolidate increasingly, progressively and perfect, even more mature and self-confident, show flourishingly opportunity of survival, open up the new way of human politics civilization.

Hold to system self-confidence people to be master in one's own house

Early spring in March, cold go spring come. "95 hind " countrywide National People's Congress represents Zou Bin, be full of expectation to come to Beijing. 16 annual expenditure will work, experience arrives hardships and not easy, he should groom promotion farming laborer, the proposal area that creates favorable environment for peasant worker worker arrives on the National People's Congress.

Zou Bin says: "I am experienced deeply ' people is master in my own house ' force. It is better that I should be versed in on behalf of the farmer walk on duty. It is better that I should be versed in on behalf of the farmer walk on duty..

"People is master in his own house " word word 1000 your, backside is full of the bloodshed of how many people with lofty ideals sacrifices since the move is recent, do all one can searchs...

On September 21, 1949, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference the first plenary session kicks off. This the conference carried out the powers and authorities of office of the National People's Congress. The conference was passed have temporarily of constitution position " the the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is collective creed " , system of establish people's congress is system of our country essential politics.

"All influence of People's Republic of China belong to people. The mechanism of people exercise influence is National People's Congress and place various people's congress. " 1954, the conference passes a National People's Congress " constitution of People's Republic of China " , laid the basis of fundamental law law that people's congress system builds.

Choose what kind of politics to develop road to affect national future, concern people destiny.

From " the beans is chosen " " 33 make " to people's congress system, chinese Communist solidarity guides people successful open up and held to politics of Chinese characteristic socialism to develop way, to realize the most extensive people democracy establish right way.

People democracy is the brilliant banner that the Chinese Communist holds high from beginning to end. People's congress system is implemented in China, it is Chinese people in human politics the great creation on system history.

Come 65 years, especially reforming and opening comes 40 years, people's congress system regards the essential politics that makes sure people is master in his own house as the system, get consolidate and developing ceaselessly, show piece flourishingly opportunity of survival and vigor. The leader that holds to a party in this, people is master in his own house, below the arrangement of essential politics system that according to law state-owned machine unites, constitution of numerous people according to sets with law, carry power of state of exercise of various people's congress, carry all sorts of ways and work of formal government nation, run economy and culture enterprise, supervise social work.

"Esteem and safeguard human rights " write constitution, implementation of modification electoral law is urban and rural dweller " with the ticket coequal " , adjust the birth policy with every family be closely bound up, long law gifts the city legislative that establishs a division develops infuse new vitality for local reform... the people's congress system that perfects development ceaselessly, stimulate the tremendous energy that gives out essential politics system.

Chinese characteristic socialism enters new era. Take seriously in order to review close smooth comrade is the height of the Party Central Committee of core, strengthen the party leader to National People's Congress in the round, formed Xi Jinping's secretary-general to perfect the serious thought of people's congress system about insisting to mix. Our party reached new height to the regularity understanding of people's congress system.

Strengthen construction of National People's Congress of prefectural home village or town to raise level of whole of job of National People's Congress, strengthen state-owned asset to supervise hand over to people " be at ease Zhang " , right " two tall " the job begins special subject inquiry to urge judicatory justice... ceaseless with when the people's congress system that all takes, tamp the system basis that people is master in his own house.

In September 2014, hall of Beijing people congress. Congratulatory National People's Congress establishs congress 60 years to be held ceremoniously --

"China has 5000 so for years the new-style politics system that the country of civilization history, a few population builds a people to be master in one's own house, be in China have epoch-making sense on political phylogeny and even world politics phylogeny. " the word of Xi Jinping's secretary-general casts the ground is phonic.

65 carry harships travel at double speed, 65 years of Chun Huaqiu are solid.

Carry out sufficient proof, people's congress system has advantage of bright China characteristic, huge system and immanent ego to perfect ability, it is to accord with China national condition and actual, reflect socialistic nation quality, sponsor civilian be master in one's own house, safeguard implementation the Chinese nation is great revived good system.

"We are sturdy system of Chinese characteristic socialism is self-confident, should be opposite sturdily above all the self-confidence of system of politics of Chinese characteristic socialism, be opposite sturdily the self-confidence of people's congress system. Want to hold to politics of Chinese characteristic socialism to develop way, produce the effect of essential politics system of people's congress system adequately, be master in one's own house people to reflect national politics realistically in the life and social life. " standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress says about chief.

Walk on duty lawfully responsible and sturdy mission takes on

"Be informed the message that the husband dies when me, in thinking of the home, still for years young the child is uncared-for, lost confidence to live and coming immediately, and the hope that the special pardon that chairman of be used to issues made give me renascence again... " by the Liu Mou of amnesty grand excited mood for a long time cannot calm.

On June 29, 2019, standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress makes a decision, national chairman Xi Jinping is signed release amnesty to make, give to convict of partial serve a sentence amnesty. On September 2, classics of intermediate people court tries Hunan Province the Changsha City, to Liu Mou grand give lawfully amnesty.

From 1959 up to now, standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress makes amnesty 9 times decide early or late. Countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee weigh big item in the republic in the decision, fulfilling legal obligation as always --

This is the first time on history of National People's Congress discuss and approve major construction project: On July 30, 1955, national People's Congress of a whole nation 2 times the conference votes the resolution of the comprehensive program that develops Yellow River irrigation works through be being mixed about effecting a radical cure Yellow River water is killed, the requirement assures 3 gorge and Liu Jiaxia two reservoir and hydroelectric station project are seasonable construction.

After this, cancel to reach restore military rank to make, build structural reorganization of 3 gorge project, the State Council, join World Trade Organization, create division of much each trade... the major item that a series of issues involve the national economy and the people's livelihood, the careful make peace that passes countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee votes, put into effect after that.

People's congress system complies with historical tide, grow ceaselessly in social soil of China, in the development of national profundity powerful system force is revealed in changing --

Regard top state authority as mechanism, countrywide National People's Congress reachs legislative of country of exercise of its standing committee. 1978, reforming and opening, bring order out of chaos, restore quickly, rebuild democratic legal system, the historical mission that makes countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee and times take on.

The Chinese society reality after getting used to reforming and opening and new era expand a demand, national legislation work presses " speed bolts " .

-- law of organization of law of organization of texture of team of electoral law, place, court, procuratorate, criminal law, punishment appeals to law of enterprises of joint venture of law, China and foreign countries, on July 1, 1979, 2 times the conference passed National People's Congress of 5 whole nations at a heat 7 law.

-- issued the active charter that apply 1982, all previous classics is revised 5 times, implement socialist market economy from clear country, be respected to clear country and ensure human rights, arrive again adjust career of socialism of contented China characteristic total position and the content of the 2nd hundred years struggling target, confirm is worn the times prospect that reforming and opening deepens ceaselessly.

-- arrive from civil code general rule contract law, from consumer rights and interests protective law arrives oppose unfair competition law, go to a company again law, insurance law, arbitral law... domain of a batch of economy is legislative, supported legislation of socialist market economy " 4 Liang Bazhu " .

-- blow crime and safeguard human rights pay equal attention to, punishment accuses the law finished first time 1996 " overhaul " After a year, criminal law also is greeted revise after coming on stage first. After this, two law are passed for many times again revise, progressively and perfect.

-- publish a foreign trader to invest a way, advance higher level to open to the outside world with greater strength; Accelerate compilatory form uniform civil code to be in charge of, all-around the civil rights that protects everyone; Vote through censorial law, build the Chinese characteristic nation with authoritative and unified, efficient concentration for compose censorial system lays system foundation...

By 2010, jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism is formed as scheduled, perfect ceaselessly later, with when all is entered. Of the party 18 big since, the country of new era is legislative, from " the law can be depended on " trend " fine law be apt to is treated " pace more clang strong.

Once " the legislation after be being reformed first " " the legislation side edge reform " , nowadays " every belongs to major reform to must have at the law according to " , legislative job changes democratization law more scientificly, allow reforming and opening each decision-making more accord with people to expect to ask with the times.

"Legislative and decision-making as decision-making as reform photograph is consistent, what the lead that just reflected a faction, people is master in his own house and depend on law state is organic and unified. " Qiao Xiaoyang of committee member of chairman of committee of law of National People's Congress of 12 whole nations says.

Unified and cent administrative levels establishs what the body makes to build, make construction of people's congress system strides crucial step. Dress to national legislation, the legislation of local National People's Congress and its standing committee and times synchronism, be the same as frequency with reform, develop together with practice.

In July 1979, 2 times the conference passes National People's Congress of 5 whole nations concerned resolution and legal case, place of above of formulary county class is various National People's Congress establishs standing committee, gifted the powers and authorities of office that provincial National People's Congress and its standing committee establish local laws and regulations. Later, national People's Congress of each province, municipality, municipality directly under the Central Government establishs standing committee in succession.

Published legislative law 2000, indicate system has built a legislation of Chinese characteristic socialism, become system of my state-maintaineding standard to develop the milepost on road.

In March 2015, contrary way way is made revise, gift all city place legislative that establish a division. Main body of legislation of our country place from do not have have, from arrive less much, increase 353.

Develop " experiment cropland " action, accumulate mature experience for national level legislation; Inside limits of local responsibility authority, specific aim ground is begun " small cut " legislative; Make the executive detailed rules of some law or administrative regulations and way, solve basic level of good law understand " last kilometer " problem... the place is legislative effect of 40 the year's harvest strikings.

Come 65 years, many 12000 many 700 274 active and efficient law, administrative regulations, local laws and regulations, strong prop up a jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism " join extremely big tree " .

This is the contribution with people's congress graven system, also administer system and processing capability modernization to lay next solid system foundation for the country, for the Chinese nation great revive provided the the most essential, most long-term safeguard.

Do not forget to be civilian Chu Xinshi annals struggles forever

1954, come from Shanxi country, year only the capacity that Shen Jilan of 25 years old represents with countrywide National People's Congress for the first time, close all previous the historical hour that is record in annals: Voting produce national leader through the first constitution, election...

2019, "80 hind " collier Dong Lin is represented as countrywide National People's Congress, enter people congress hall. Come a few years, he is referred continuously those who avoid the mine that ask for coal to leave individual income tax of difficult post allowance is second reading, drive policy be born to get effective. This year, he the worker in transition of company of colliery of attention of to table a proposal finds a place for wait for a problem.

Come from people, for people. People represents bear important task, be 65 years bearer big job stands fast for civilian first heart, the vivid portraiture of happiness and benefit of promotional the people's livelihood.

Stand fast for civilian first heart, depend on scientific and legislative to democracy, legislative spirit perserve --

"1.18 million " , this is " 54 constitution " during be born, the comes from the modification of people of countrywide each district to draft constitution and compensatory opinion amount that constitution drafting committee receives. In time of two after draft constitution is announced many months, the whole nation shared 150 million person to attend this to discuss of the first draft constitution greatly about new China.

Come 65 years, the careful agenda foreword of rogation from " first instance " turn into " 3 careful " , ask for an opinion to arrive to normalize this one practice to the society from partial law case, discuss from legal case legislative hearing is held in the process to the front of beginning law to come on stage " evaluate " ... look seem slight change, witnessing legislation of National People's Congress to work to pay attention to demand of response common people more, get used to social reality and development demand.

Extensive collection the will of the people, agglomeration civilian wisdom, legal ability more ground connection gas, have actual effect. Be in only 2018 a year, 23 rogation seek an opinion publicly in net of Chinese National People's Congress, even more 220 thousand person puts forward to exceed 650 thousand opinion.

Stand fast for civilian first heart, depend on developing innovation, faithful walk on duty, the law that builds firm people rights and interests is ensured --

1983, standing committee of National People's Congress of city of Liaoning province Shenyang is right of constitution carry out executive circumstance to undertake executing the law checking, initiate local National People's Congress to execute the law examination beginning. 1993, standing committee of National People's Congress of 8 whole nations is passed " a certain number of provisions that implement circumstance examination to supervise about strengthening pair of law " , make execute the law examination work is further standardization, program is changed, the system is changed, next great strength change law to carry out the state of not do one's best.

The law goes a country treat. National People's Congress supervises the job to move touch really hard, ability obtains actual effect.

Standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress adds the conference technically to listen to discuss law of air pollution prevention and cure to execute the law inspection report, call-over to 38 involves 22 companies issues that discover in the examination exposure; Ocean environment protects a law to execute the law to the sewage draining exit entering the sea that checks a key to supervise 11 coastal province is installed and manage; Special subject inquiry hits the mark, not make a gesture to give the impression of doing sth, be opposite first " two tall " the job begins special subject to enquire... of the party 18 big since, national People's Congress is supervised more deal with concrete matters relating to work is strong, let legal system become rigidity tie and cannot the high tension line of lay a finger on.

Stand fast for civilian first heart, must focusing people place needs an urgent place to long for, convoy economy society develops --

Edit law of environmental protection, drive ironhanded treat corrupt; Overhaul administration procedural law, broken solution " civilian tell an official " difficult problem; Publish vaccine management method, modification Pharmaceutical Affairs Law, stronger defend common people is healthy; Issue standard of electronic business affairs, let a net buy main forces dimension to counterpoise more know how things stand and feel confident of handling them is angry... walk into new era, legislative job lets millions upon millions people obtain feeling is full.

Adopt " bale " long law, make the way such as the decision, provide legal safeguard to deepen reform in the round; A batch of law such as national safety law, network safety law are promulgated, maintain interest of state sovereignty, safe, development stoutly; Socialistic core viewpoint of value blends in legislation, let " Chinese spirit " stronger volume... complete jurisprudence, let reform development to more safeguard, society moves to have Zhang Ke follow more.

The growth of system of a kind of politics, with the edaphic be closely bound up of its take root. In delegate of National People's Congress of 13 whole nations, 15.7% what delegate of worker of a gleam of, farmer holds delegate sum total, increased 2.28 percent than previous term or session. The delegate that comes from basic level a gleam of increases ceaselessly, the sound of more basic level enters office of top state authority.

"Must do not waver in the least the leader that holds to a Chinese Communist " " must assure and develop people to be master in one's own house " " must advance in the round according to law state " -- hold to and perfect people's congress system, road falls in the foot, future is extremely capacious.

Do not forget Chu Xinzhi is like hill. 65 Zai Zhengrong years, people's congress system is sturdily civilian belief, suitable in season acting tide, grow ceaselessly in China earth, expand, destiny of national people future firmly control is in people hand.

Remember mission brave well to take on. On new historical start, people's congress system goes before ceaseless encourage, be sure to show a more powerful vitality and more distinct advantage, provide more strong safeguard for career of Chinese characteristic socialism.

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