Report inscribed Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on September 15: On the road of democratic law encourage act vigorously is entered -- during be being written in the National People's Congress to hold water 65 years
Yang Weihan of reporter of Xinhua News Agency, Chen Fei, Luo Sha
65 years ago this momently, the history forever engrave --
On September 15, 1954, the Nanhai in Beijing conceives benevolence hall, republican founders, the National People's Congress of many 1200 whole nation that arises through general election together represents a, held meeting of first time of the first National People's Congress.
Congress was passed " constitution of People's Republic of China " , the new-style politics system that a people is master in his own house is in old and brand-new China from this air plant, blossom and bear fruit...
65 years of surging forward with great momentum, 65 years encourage act vigorously is entered. People's congress system develops ceaselessly, consolidate increasingly, progressively and perfect, even more mature and self-confident, show flourishingly opportunity of survival, open up the new way of human politics civilization.
Hold to system self-confidence people to be master in one's own house
Early spring in March, cold go spring come. "95 hind " countrywide National People's Congress represents Zou Bin, be full of expectation to come to Beijing. 16 annual expenditure will work, experience arrives hardships and not easy, he should groom promotion farming laborer, the proposal area that creates favorable environment for peasant worker worker arrives on the National People's Congress.
Zou Bin says: "I am experienced deeply ' people is master in my own house ' force. It is better that I should be versed in on behalf of the farmer walk on duty. It is better that I should be versed in on behalf of the farmer walk on duty..
"People is master in his own house " word word 1000 your, backside is full of the bloodshed of how many people with lofty ideals sacrifices since the move is recent, do all one can searchs...
On September 21, 1949, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference the first plenary session kicks off. This the conference carried out the powers and authorities of office of the National People's Congress. The conference was passed have temporarily of constitution position " the the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is collective creed " , system of establish people's congress is system of our country essential politics.
"All influence of People's Republic of China belong to people. The mechanism of people exercise influence is National People's Congress and place various people's congress. " 1954, the conference passes a National People's Congress " constitution of People's Republic of China " , laid the basis of fundamental law law that people's congress system builds.
Choose what kind of politics to develop road to affect national future, concern people destiny.
From " the beans is chosen " " 33 make " to people's congress system, chinese Communist solidarity guides people successful open up and held to politics of Chinese characteristic socialism to develop way, to realize the most extensive people democracy establish right way.
People democracy is the brilliant banner that the Chinese Communist holds high from beginning to end. People's congress system is implemented in China, it is Chinese people in human politics the great creation on system history.
Come 65 years, especially reforming and opening comes 40 years, people's congress system regards the essential politics that makes sure people is master in his own house as the system, get consolidate and developing ceaselessly, show piece flourishingly opportunity of survival and vigor. The leader that holds to a party in this, people is master in his own house, below the arrangement of essential politics system that according to law state-owned machine unites, constitution of numerous people according to sets with law, carry power of state of exercise of various people's congress, carry all sorts of ways and work of formal government nation, run economy and culture enterprise, supervise social work.
"Esteem and safeguard human rights " write constitution, implementation of modification electoral law is urban and rural dweller " with the ticket coequal " , adjust the birth policy with every family be closely bound up, long law gifts the city legislative that establishs a division develops infuse new vitality for local reform... the people's congress system that perfects development ceaselessly, stimulate the tremendous energy that gives out essential politics system.
Chinese characteristic socialism enters new era. Take seriously in order to review close smooth comrade is the height of the Party Central Committee of core, strengthen the party leader to National People's Congress in the round, formed Xi Jinping's secretary-general to perfect the serious thought of people's congress system about insisting to mix. Our party reached new height to the regularity understanding of people's congress system.
Strengthen construction of National People's Congress of prefectural home village or town to raise level of whole of job of National People's Congress, strengthen state-owned asset to supervise hand over to people " be at ease Zhang " , right " two tall " the job begins special subject inquiry to urge judicatory justice... ceaseless with when the people's congress system that all takes, tamp the system basis that people is master in his own house.
In September 2014, hall of Beijing people congress. Congratulatory National People's Congress establishs congress 60 years to be held ceremoniously --
"China has 5000 so for years the new-style politics system that the country of civilization history, a few population builds a people to be master in one's own house, be in China have epoch-making sense on political phylogeny and even world politics phylogeny. " the word of Xi Jinping's secretary-general casts the ground is phonic.
65 carry harships travel at double speed, 65 years of Chun Huaqiu are solid.
Carry out sufficient proof, people's congress system has advantage of bright China characteristic, huge system and immanent ego to perfect ability, it is to accord with China national condition and actual, reflect socialistic nation quality, sponsor civilian be master in one's own house, safeguard implementation the Chinese nation is great revived good system.
"We are sturdy system of Chinese characteristic socialism is self-confident, should be opposite sturdily above all the self-confidence of system of politics of Chinese characteristic socialism, be opposite sturdily the self-confidence of people's congress system. Want to hold to politics of Chinese characteristic socialism to develop way, produce the effect of essential politics system of people's congress system adequately, be master in one's own house people to reflect national politics realistically in the life and social life. " standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress says about chief.
Walk on duty lawfully responsible and sturdy mission takes on
"Be informed the message that the husband dies when me, in thinking of the home, still for years young the child is uncared-for, lost confidence to live and coming immediately, and the hope that the special pardon that chairman of be used to issues made give me renascence again... " by the Liu Mou of amnesty grand excited mood for a long time cannot calm.
On June 29, 2019, standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress makes a decision, national chairman Xi Jinping is signed release amnesty to make, give to convict of partial serve a sentence amnesty. On September 2, classics of intermediate people court tries Hunan Province the Changsha City, to Liu Mou grand give lawfully amnesty.
From 1959 up to now, standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress makes amnesty 9 times decide early or late. Countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee weigh big item in the republic in the decision, fulfilling legal obligation as always --
This is the first time on history of National People's Congress discuss and approve major construction project: On July 30, 1955, national People's Congress of a whole nation 2 times the conference votes the resolution of the comprehensive program that develops Yellow River irrigation works through be being mixed about effecting a radical cure Yellow River water is killed, the requirement assures 3 gorge and Liu Jiaxia two reservoir and hydroelectric station project are seasonable construction.
After this, cancel to reach restore military rank to make, build structural reorganization of 3 gorge project, the State Council, join World Trade Organization, create division of much each trade... the major item that a series of issues involve the national economy and the people's livelihood, the careful make peace that passes countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee votes, put into effect after that.
People's congress system complies with historical tide, grow ceaselessly in social soil of China, in the development of national profundity powerful system force is revealed in changing --
Regard top state authority as mechanism, countrywide National People's Congress reachs legislative of country of exercise of its standing committee. 1978, reforming and opening, bring order out of chaos, restore quickly, rebuild democratic legal system, the historical mission that makes countrywide National People's Congress and its standing committee and times take on.
The Chinese society reality after getting used to reforming and opening and new era expand a demand, national legislation work presses " speed bolts " .
-- law of organization of law of organization of texture of team of electoral law, place, court, procuratorate, criminal law, punishment appeals to law of enterprises of joint venture of law, China and foreign countries, on July 1, 1979, 2 times the conference passed National People's Congress of 5 whole nations at a heat 7 law.
-- issued the active charter that apply 1982, all previous classics is revised 5 times, implement socialist market economy from clear country, be respected to clear country and ensure human rights, arrive again adjust career of socialism of contented China characteristic total position and the content of the 2nd hundred years struggling target, confirm is worn the times prospect that reforming and opening deepens ceaselessly.
-- arrive from civil code general rule contract law, from consumer rights and interests protective law arrives oppose unfair competition law, go to a company again law, insurance law, arbitral law... domain of a batch of economy is legislative, supported legislation of socialist market economy " 4 Liang Bazhu " .
-- blow crime and safeguard human rights pay equal attention to, punishment accuses the law finished first time 1996 " overhaul " After a year, criminal law also is greeted revise after coming on stage first. After this, two law are passed for many times again revise, progressively and perfect.
-- publish a foreign trader to invest a way, advance higher level to open to the outside world with greater strength; Accelerate compilatory form uniform civil code to be in charge of, all-around the civil rights that protects everyone; Vote through censorial law, build the Chinese characteristic nation with authoritative and unified, efficient concentration for compose censorial system lays system foundation...
By 2010, jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism is formed as scheduled, perfect ceaselessly later, with when all is entered. Of the party 18 big since, the country of new era is legislative, from " the law can be depended on " trend " fine law be apt to is treated " pace more clang strong.
Once " the legislation after be being reformed first " " the legislation side edge reform " , nowadays " every belongs to major reform to must have at the law according to " , legislative job changes democratization law more scientificly, allow reforming and opening each decision-making more accord with people to expect to ask with the times.
"Legislative and decision-making as decision-making as reform photograph is consistent, what the lead that just reflected a faction, people is master in his own house and depend on law state is organic and unified. " Qiao Xiaoyang of committee member of chairman of committee of law of National People's Congress of 12 whole nations says.
Unified and cent administrative levels establishs what the body makes to build, make construction of people's congress system strides crucial step. Dress to national legislation, the legislation of local National People's Congress and its standing committee and times synchronism, be the same as frequency with reform, develop together with practice.
In July 1979, 2 times the conference passes National People's Congress of 5 whole nations concerned resolution and legal case, place of above of formulary county class is various National People's Congress establishs standing committee, gifted the powers and authorities of office that provincial National People's Congress and its standing committee establish local laws and regulations. Later, national People's Congress of each province, municipality, municipality directly under the Central Government establishs standing committee in succession.
Published legislative law 2000, indicate system has built a legislation of Chinese characteristic socialism, become system of my state-maintaineding standard to develop the milepost on road.
In March 2015, contrary way way is made revise, gift all city place legislative that establish a division. Main body of legislation of our country place from do not have have, from arrive less much, increase 353.
Develop " experiment cropland " action, accumulate mature experience for national level legislation; Inside limits of local responsibility authority, specific aim ground is begun " small cut " legislative; Make the executive detailed rules of some law or administrative regulations and way, solve basic level of good law understand " last kilometer " problem... the place is legislative effect of 40 the year's harvest strikings.
Come 65 years, many 12000 many 700 274 active and efficient law, administrative regulations, local laws and regulations, strong prop up a jurisprudence of Chinese characteristic socialism " join extremely big tree " .
This is the contribution with people's congress graven system, also administer system and processing capability modernization to lay next solid system foundation for the country, for the Chinese nation great revive provided the the most essential, most long-term safeguard.
Do not forget to be civilian Chu Xinshi annals struggles forever
1954, come from Shanxi country, year only the capacity that Shen Jilan of 25 years old represents with countrywide National People's Congress for the first time, close all previous the historical hour that is record in annals: Voting produce national leader through the first constitution, election...
2019, "80 hind " collier Dong Lin is represented as countrywide National People's Congress, enter people congress hall. Come a few years, he is referred continuously those who avoid the mine that ask for coal to leave individual income tax of difficult post allowance is second reading, drive policy be born to get effective. This year, he the worker in transition of company of colliery of attention of to table a proposal finds a place for wait for a problem.
Come from people, for people. People represents bear important task, be 65 years bearer big job stands fast for civilian first heart, the vivid portraiture of happiness and benefit of promotional the people's livelihood.
Stand fast for civilian first heart, depend on scientific and legislative to democracy, legislative spirit perserve --
"1.18 million " , this is " 54 constitution " during be born, the comes from the modification of people of countrywide each district to draft constitution and compensatory opinion amount that constitution drafting committee receives. In time of two after draft constitution is announced many months, the whole nation shared 150 million person to attend this to discuss of the first draft constitution greatly about new China.
Come 65 years, the careful agenda foreword of rogation from " first instance " turn into " 3 careful " , ask for an opinion to arrive to normalize this one practice to the society from partial law case, discuss from legal case legislative hearing is held in the process to the front of beginning law to come on stage " evaluate " ... look seem slight change, witnessing legislation of National People's Congress to work to pay attention to demand of response common people more, get used to social reality and development demand.
Extensive collection the will of the people, agglomeration civilian wisdom, legal ability more ground connection gas, have actual effect. Be in only 2018 a year, 23 rogation seek an opinion publicly in net of Chinese National People's Congress, even more 220 thousand person puts forward to exceed 650 thousand opinion.
Stand fast for civilian first heart, depend on developing innovation, faithful walk on duty, the law that builds firm people rights and interests is ensured --
1983, standing committee of National People's Congress of city of Liaoning province Shenyang is right of constitution carry out executive circumstance to undertake executing the law checking, initiate local National People's Congress to execute the law examination beginning. 1993, standing committee of National People's Congress of 8 whole nations is passed " a certain number of provisions that implement circumstance examination to supervise about strengthening pair of law " , make execute the law examination work is further standardization, program is changed, the system is changed, next great strength change law to carry out the state of not do one's best.
The law goes a country treat. National People's Congress supervises the job to move touch really hard, ability obtains actual effect.
Standing committee of countrywide National People's Congress adds the conference technically to listen to discuss law of air pollution prevention and cure to execute the law inspection report, call-over to 38 involves 22 companies issues that discover in the examination exposure; Ocean environment protects a law to execute the law to the sewage draining exit entering the sea that checks a key to supervise 11 coastal province is installed and manage; Special subject inquiry hits the mark, not make a gesture to give the impression of doing sth, be opposite first " two tall " the job begins special subject to enquire... of the party 18 big since, national People's Congress is supervised more deal with concrete matters relating to work is strong, let legal system become rigidity tie and cannot the high tension line of lay a finger on.
Stand fast for civilian first heart, must focusing people place needs an urgent place to long for, convoy economy society develops --
Edit law of environmental protection, drive ironhanded treat corrupt; Overhaul administration procedural law, broken solution " civilian tell an official " difficult problem; Publish vaccine management method, modification Pharmaceutical Affairs Law, stronger defend common people is healthy; Issue standard of electronic business affairs, let a net buy main forces dimension to counterpoise more know how things stand and feel confident of handling them is angry... walk into new era, legislative job lets millions upon millions people obtain feeling is full.
Adopt " bale " long law, make the way such as the decision, provide legal safeguard to deepen reform in the round; A batch of law such as national safety law, network safety law are promulgated, maintain interest of state sovereignty, safe, development stoutly; Socialistic core viewpoint of value blends in legislation, let " Chinese spirit " stronger volume... complete jurisprudence, let reform development to more safeguard, society moves to have Zhang Ke follow more.
The growth of system of a kind of politics, with the edaphic be closely bound up of its take root. In delegate of National People's Congress of 13 whole nations, 15.7% what delegate of worker of a gleam of, farmer holds delegate sum total, increased 2.28 percent than previous term or session. The delegate that comes from basic level a gleam of increases ceaselessly, the sound of more basic level enters office of top state authority.
"Must do not waver in the least the leader that holds to a Chinese Communist " " must assure and develop people to be master in one's own house " " must advance in the round according to law state " -- hold to and perfect people's congress system, road falls in the foot, future is extremely capacious.
Do not forget Chu Xinzhi is like hill. 65 Zai Zhengrong years, people's congress system is sturdily civilian belief, suitable in season acting tide, grow ceaselessly in China earth, expand, destiny of national people future firmly control is in people hand.
Remember mission brave well to take on. On new historical start, people's congress system goes before ceaseless encourage, be sure to show a more powerful vitality and more distinct advantage, provide more strong safeguard for career of Chinese characteristic socialism.